University of Malta

Study-Unit Description
UOM Main Page
Apply - Admissions 2016
Campus Map button


TITLE Geophysical Techniques 2

LEVEL 05 - Postgraduate Modular Diploma or Degree Course


DEPARTMENT Geosciences

DESCRIPTION - Deformation of rocks, stress & strain, elasticity, wave equation, synthetic seismogram;
- Principle of the seismic method, two layer reflection and refraction problems including inclined layers;
- Seismic instruments, shooting techniques, 2D survey design, recording environment, noise, seismic arrays, seismic sources, land and marine acquisition, receiver design, 3D surveying;
- Time series analysis, Fourier Transform, convolution, auto-correlation, cross-correlation, power spectrum, deconvolution, filters;
- Seismic data processing, data formats, amplitude scaling, editing, field static corrections, DBS, signal-to-noise improvement by single and multi-trace filtering, velocity analysis methods, NMO correction, stretching, muting, anisotropic velocity, residual statics, stacking, post-stack enhancement, DAS, multiple suppression, time and depth migration, TV filtering;
- 4D seismic, vertical seismic profile.

Study-unit Aims:

The study-unit aims to combine the knowledge of the seismic reflection technique, the field acquisition of seismic reflection data, and signal processing to develop an understanding of the practical use of this exploration technique in petroleum exploration.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Knowledge & Understanding:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to understand the:
- Principles of seismic reflection investigations including 3D;
- Theory and techniques of seismic exploration including data acquisition and instrumentation;
- Theory and application of time series analysis in general and seismic data processing in particular.

2. Skills:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:
- Analyse time series and design basic signal processing filters such as band pass filters and least square inverse filters;
- Select and use seismic techniques and procedures in a variety of situations, both onshore and offshore;
- Research and synthesise seismic information from a variety of sources including sonic logs and velocity surveys;
- Plan a seismic reflection survey and monitor its execution;
- Plan a seismic data processing programme and monitor its execution.

Main Text/s and any supplementary readings:

- William Ashcroft ( 2011) A Petroleum Geologist's Guide to Seismic Reflection, Wiley - Blackwell.
- L Hatton, M H Worthington, J Makin (1986) Seismic Data Processing: Theory and Practice, Wiley-BlackWell.
- R E Sheriff, L P Geldart (1995) Exploration seismology, Cambridge University Press.
- E R Kanasewich (1981) Time Series Analysis in Geophysics, University of Alberta.

ADDITIONAL NOTES Pre-requisite Qualifications: Honours degree, 2nd upper or above, in Science, Engineering or a related discipline

Pre-requisite Study-units: GSC5200, GSC5201

Co-requisite Study-unit: GSC5205


Assessment Component/s Resit Availability Weighting
Assignment Yes 20%
Examination (2 Hours) Yes 80%

LECTURER/S Godwin Debono (Co-ord.)
Christopher Zerafa

The University makes every effort to ensure that the published Courses Plans, Programmes of Study and Study-Unit information are complete and up-to-date at the time of publication. The University reserves the right to make changes in case errors are detected after publication.
The availability of optional units may be subject to timetabling constraints.
Units not attracting a sufficient number of registrations may be withdrawn without notice.
It should be noted that all the information in the study-unit description above applies to the academic year 2017/8, if study-unit is available during this academic year, and may be subject to change in subsequent years.
MSc (Research) and PhD application deadlines
Application Deadlines for Academic Year 2017/18 
Giant Glowing Halos around Distant Quasars
Unexpected Giant Glowing Halos around distant quasors

Log In back to UoM Homepage