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During the Hospitaller Period, dissection material was readily available since the corpses of all persons dying in the Sacra Infermeria, including all the Knights, were to be dissected or autopsied. However, the study of anatomy by dissection was markedly hampered during the summer months, and anatomical teaching aids were also required used for instruction. In 1741, the French painter Antoine Favray was allowed to obtain bones and other human parts from the School of Anatomy and was commissioned to prepare anatomical drawings. Two of these anatomical drawings have survived in private collection.


Anatomical dissections drawing attributed to A. Favray, c.1741


In addition, anatomical and pathological  diagrams were prepared by various individuals to illustrate medical publications.

henin_drawPathological Anatomy of a tumour of the back illustrated in "Observatio Chirurgico-Anathomica" by Gabriele Henin published in Messina, 1748
draw_barthAnatomical drawing by K. Ponheimer illustrated in "Anfangsgrunde der Muskellerhe" by Joseph Barth published in Vienna, 1786
grima_figSurgical Anatomy of the inner cranium illustrated in "Della Medicina Traumatica altrimenti detta Vulneraria" by Michel Angiolo Grima published in Florence, 1773


In the nineteenth century, published anatomical drawings became increasingly available. The Department of Anatomy still holds a number of volumes of anatomical plates entitled Tabularum Anatomicarum dating to the first decade of the 19th century published by Venetus ex Calcoographia Josephi Picotti.

The first volume Ossa et Ligamenta includes 51 tables [published 1801], the second Pars Altera, Musculi et Bursae Mucosae, Organa Sensium et Viscera includes 83 tables [1804], the first part of the third volume Uterus Gravidus Embriones Humani con Arteriae Venae includes 70 tables [1810], and the second part of the third volume Vasa Lymphatica, Cerebrum Nervi includes 60 tables [1813]. 

In addition the department also has a number of twentieth century anatomical charts distributed commercially by Adam Rouilly & Co. Ltd. Adam Rouilly & Co. Ltd. was established in 1918 and remains one of the foremost names in the design and manufacture of simulators for health-care education products.

The anatomical charts in the possession of the Department of Anatomy can be divided into three groups:

  • a set drawn by Franz Frohse under the supervision and assistance of the Institute of Anatomy of the University of Berlin
  • American Frohse Anatomical Charts edited, revised and augmented by Max Brodel, and distributed by Adam Rouilly & Co. Ltd of London
  • Charts drawn by Max Brodel completed by Betty Jane Browning, edited by Elizabeth Brodel and distributed by Adam Rouilly & Co. Ltd.
Last Updated: 20 January 2010

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