Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


TITLE Physical Chemistry of Liquids and Solutions

LEVEL 03 - Years 2, 3, 4 in Modular Undergraduate Course




  1. Liquids: A look at phase diagrams, order in liquids, classification of liquids, intermolecular forces, equations of
  2. Thermodynamic properties of pure liquids: Thermodynamics of phase equilibria, chemical potential of gases,
      unaryphase diagrams.
  3. Liquid crystals: Order in liquid crystals, molecular structure and liquid crystals.
  4. Mixtures of non electrolytes: Thermodynamic properties of liquid mixtures, ideal mixtures, partial molar
      quantities, vapour pressure of liquid mixtures, colligative properties, thermodynamic measures of non ideality,
      solubility and the supercritical state.
  5. Phase diagrams for multicomponent systems: The phase rule, vapour liquid equilibria in binary systems, liquid
      solid equilibria in binary systems, ternary systems, partition coefficients.
  6. Polar liquids: dielectric properties, water, structural properties of liquid water, non aqueous polar liquids.
  7. Solutions of electrolytes: hydration of ions, ionic transport, the ionic atmosphere, ionic association, ionic
      activities in solution.
  8. Chemical equilibria in solution: Equilibrium electrochemistry, solubility of salts, acid and base strengths, equilibria
      in non aqueous polar solvents.
  9. Liquid interfaces: interfacial tension, adsorption at interfaces, surface active agents, adhesion and cohesion,
      wetting and contact angle, spreading, nucleation processes.
10. Colloidal systems: formation of colloidal dispersions, colloidal stability, aerosols, foams, emulsions.

Recommended Texts:

  - Atkins P.W., Physical Chemistry, 6th ed. Oxford University Press
  - Atkins P.W., The Elements of Physical Chemistry, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press

Supplementary texts:

  - Murrell J.N. and Jenkins A.D., Properties of Liquids and Solutions, 2nd ed. by Wiley Interscience
  - Shaw D.J., Introduction to Colloid and Surface Chemistry, 4th ed. Butterworth and Heinemann (Worth considering
     for some of the topics.)

STUDY-UNIT TYPE Lecture and Tutorial

Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Progress Test SEM2 No 15%
Examination (3 Hours) SEM2 Yes 85%

LECTURER/S Emmanuel Sinagra

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It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.