Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


TITLE Health and Safety, Infection Control and Medical Emergencies in the Dental Practice

LEVEL 01 - Year 1 in Modular Undergraduate Course


DEPARTMENT Oral Rehabilitation and Community Care

DESCRIPTION This Study-Unit is designed to familiarise students with current local and EU legislation pertaining to Occupational Health and Safety and to acquire sufficient understanding on how medical emergencies may be prevented, identified and managed in dental practice. Participants will also acquire knowledge and practical experience on how to prepare themselves and the dental practices they work in, to deal with medical emergency scenarios and create and maintain a safe clinical environment to eliminate the potential for disease transmission.

Study-unit Aims

- To familiarise the concepts of Maltese and European Law in issues of Occupational Health and Safety
- To identify and manage medical emergencies in a dental practice setting
- To develop an understanding of the principles of Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
- To describe the drugs and equipment in the practice and explain how they are used in an emergency
- To explain how the whole practice team is trained to deal with medical emergency situations
- To familiarise students with infection control measures and aseptic techniques in a dental environment.

Learning Outcomes

1. Knowledge & Understanding: By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:

- Describe the basic legislation of Occupational Health and Safety in Malta and the EU since the laws of OHS are based on EU laws.
- Describe the risks involved during work practices in a Dental Clinic Environment.
- Discuss proper ergonomic and posture training in the Practical Session relating to LN 35/2003
- Discuss the importance of prevention and management of medical emergencies in dental practice.
- Describe the purpose of the emergency medical services (EMS) system and explain how to contact it.
- List and explain the use of items and drugs found in a medical emergencies kit in a dental practice.
- List and describe the guidelines and protocols to follow in medical emergencies.
- Access risk of disease transmission in oral healthcare
- Plan appropriate control measures
- Interpret emerging guidelines for infection control
- Identify infectious disease that pose a risk of transmission in oral health-care

2. Skills: By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:

- Draw up a comprehensive Risk Assessment in a Clinical Dental setting
- Perform a risk assessment of a dental practice in relation to the prevention and management of medical emergencies.
- Recognise the signs and symptoms of medical emergencies in dental practice.
- Demonstrate the basic life support (BLS) protocol and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- Demonstrate the use of an automated external defibrillator (AED).
- Demonstrate the use of basic airway management and ventilation adjuncts.
- Apply mechanisms of infection disease transmission prevention
- Select appropriate attire for use during dental hygiene client care
- Prepare the dental environment prior to and after client care.

Main Text/s and any supplementary readings

Website for downloading powerpoint presentations and lecture materials:
Login Name and password will be provided to all students.

Main texts:

Basic Guide to Infection Prevention and Control in Dentistry (Basic Guide Dentistry Series) Caroline Pankhurst, Wil Coulter
ISBN-13: 978-1405176620. (available in library)

Medical Emergencies in Dentistry.
Nigel D. Robb, Jason Leitch.
Oxford University Press, 2006
ISBN: 0198529317, 9780198529316. (available in library)

Medical Emergencies in the Dental Office
Stanley F. Malamed
Mosby, 2007
ISBN: 032304235X, 978-0323042352. (available in library)

Supplemental reading:

Medical Problems in Dentistry
Crispian Scully, Roderick Cawson.
Churchill Livingstone, 2005
ISBN: 978-0-7020-4028-3 (available in library)

ADDITIONAL NOTES Attendance to scheduled sessions, inclusive of lectures/tutorials, practical, laboratory and clinical components is compulsory. Students who do not attend at least 90% of the scheduled sessions will not be allowed to sit for any of the assessment components mentioned below.

STUDY-UNIT TYPE Fieldwork, Indep Study, Ind Onl Learn, Lect & Prac

Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Practical SEM1 Yes 40%
Examination (2 Hours) SEM1 Yes 60%

LECTURER/S Adam Bartolo
Carmen Caruana
Jeremy Lanfranco

The University makes every effort to ensure that the published Courses Plans, Programmes of Study and Study-Unit information are complete and up-to-date at the time of publication. The University reserves the right to make changes in case errors are detected after publication.
The availability of optional units may be subject to timetabling constraints.
Units not attracting a sufficient number of registrations may be withdrawn without notice.
It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.