Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


CODE FRE3018

 
TITLE Linguistique théorique 4: énonciation et discours/ Theory in linguistics 4: Utterance and Discourse Analysis

 
LEVEL 03 - Years 2, 3, 4 in Modular Undergraduate Course

 
ECTS CREDITS 4

 
DEPARTMENT French

 
DESCRIPTION Cette étude distingue les termes de « énoncé » et « énonciation. » La théorie de l’énonciation est traitée en détail. On s’intéressera donc à l’acte, à la manière d’énoncer mais aussi à la situation (temps, lieu…) où l’énonciation se réalise, et au locuteur / énonciateur qui est à son origine. Les différents types d’embrayeurs (subjectifs, temporels, spatiaux) seront considérés L’unité porte également sur différents adverbes d’énonciation, dont la valeur sera observée. Une étude de la polyphonie permettra de distinguer les statuts de locuteur et d’énonciateur.

L’unité définira l’orientation de l’analyse du discours, en considérant les différents moyens de donner du sens aux dires. Elle montrera comment l’analyse du discours s’intéresse aux dires et au contexte du dire, c’est-à-dire aux différentes situations de communication et à leurs enjeux respectifs selon la place occupée par le ou les sujets.

En troisième lieu, la théorie des interactions verbales sera traitée en détail, à travers la description des traits caractéristiques qui déterminent les différentes interactions, de la typologie des interactions, des schémas d’alternance de la parole, de la structure des interactions et de l’effet du site et du cadre participatif sur le contenu des interactions.

This study distinguishes between the terms « utterance » and « utterance production ». The French orientation of the theory of utterance production is dealt with in detail. The unit focuses on the act and the manner of producing utterances and on the effect of the situation (time and place) in which the utterance is produced, as well as the of the speaker who produces it. Different types of shifters are considered, with their power to change word meaning according to the situation (as by deixis). The role of particular adverbs in utterance production is covered, and a study of polyphony will allow students to understand in depth the different roles of the ‘speaker’.

The unit defines the Discourse Analysis perspective, through a consideration of the different ways in which utterances acquire meaning. It shows in which ways Discourse Analysis is interested in the statement of utterances and in the context of this action, according to the communicative situation and the position of the different participants.

A third component corresponds to the theory of Spoken Interaction. It covers a description of the characteristic features of Interactions (formality, cooperation, symmetry, etc), the typology of Interactions, turn-taking patterns, Interaction structure and the impact of the participation framework (Goffman) and context on Interactions.

Learning Outcomes:

- The student will be able to describe the theory of utterance production with its French slant;
- The student will be able to consider cross-cultural differences of expression when communicating in French;
- The student will be able to avoid misunderstandings or communicative failure because of cross-cultural differences in utterance production behaviour;
- The student will be able to expand on the effect of context (place, time, participants) on discourse, as well as on notions such as shifters, polyphony, etc.;
- The student will be able to interpret the semantic value of particular adverbs which give specific nuances to utterances;
- Following a number of exercises worked out as a group, the student will be able to apply the theory of spoken interaction to interpret unseen excerpts of corpora.

Main Text/s and any supplementary readings:

Main Texts:

- Austin, J.L. (1962) How to do things with words. Harvard & Oxford University Press, traduction française: Quand dire, c’est faire. Seuil, 1970.
- Grinschpoun, M.-F., L’analyse de discours ; Donner du sens aux dires, 3e édition, Enrick B. Editions, 2016.
- Kerbrat- Orecchioni, C., L’énonciation, 4e édition, Armand Colin, 2014.
- Kerbrat-Orecchioni, C. Les Interactions Verbales, Tomes 1 & 3, 2e éd., 1996.
- Maingueneau, D., L’Enonciation en linguistique française. Hachette, 2e éd., 1994.
- Reboul A., Moeschler, J., Pragmatique du discours : De l’interprétation de l’énoncé à l’interprétation du discours, Armand Colin, 1998.
- Sarfati, G.-E., Eléments d’analyse du discours, 2e edition, Armand Colin, 2014.

 
STUDY-UNIT TYPE Lecture

 
METHOD OF ASSESSMENT
Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Written Exercises SEM2 Yes 30%
Examination (2 Hours) SEM2 Yes 70%

 
LECTURER/S Anne Marie Bezzina

 
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It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.

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