Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


CODE HPA1511

 
TITLE Church History: Ancient and Medieval

 
UM LEVEL 01 - Year 1 in Modular Undergraduate Course

 
MQF LEVEL 5

 
ECTS CREDITS 4

 
DEPARTMENT Church History, Patrology and Palaeochristian Archaeology

 
DESCRIPTION PRE-REQUISITE STUDY-UNIT

A general idea of Roman history

DESCRIPTION

- Jesus Christ preached a new religion in the Roman province of Judea and his apostles and disciples proceeded with his teachings succeeding eventually to found a community at Rome, the centre of the Roman Empire. The unfolding of the Christian message proceeded with the writing of the New Examinationament in Greek and of a Theology that emerged as a union of revelation and Greek philosophy. The result was the establishment of a well-organized Church. The Roman state persecuted this Church for over two centuries, but with the accession of Emperor Constantine a dramatic change took place — Christianity was first tolerated and then it became the official state religion. Its beliefs were debated in the first ecumenical Council hosted by the Emperor in the imperial city of Nicea. The post-Constantine period was a time of great transformation with far-reaching consequences. The Church saw the fixing of several liturgical forms that it was to retain for the next fifteen hundred years. Its chief dogma, belief in the Trinity and in Christ as God and man, was affirmed and clarified in lasting terms. This period is known for convenience as antiqua. The union between Church and State disintegrated with the downfall of the Empire at the hands of the Barbarians — a large group of tribes that descended from the North to occupy Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. Yet through the popes' policy, the labours of the monks, and the bellicose Franks, a new social order is construed: Christendom. Charlemagne consolidates this order with the foundation of a new holy Empire — a new period known for convenience as mediævalis — is ushered in.

- Church and State in the post-Constantine era had become part and parcel. This union disintegrated with the downfall of the Empire at the hands of the Barbarians — a large group of tribes that descended from the North to occupy Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. Yet through the popes' policy, the labours of the monks, and the bellicose Franks, a new social order is construed: Christendom. A new period of Church history — known for convenience as Mediævalis — is ushered in. Charlemagne consolidates this order with the foundation of a new holy Empire. This renewed union of the spiritual and the temporal caused many problems and the popes set in motion a reform to regain full liberty for the church. The foundation of mendicant Orders and of Universities played a very important role.

READING LIST

- BEZZINA Joseph, Church history, including an account of the Church in Malta, Victoria/Gozo 1994.
- BOKKENKOTTER Thomas, A concise history of the Catholic Church, revised and expanded edition, New York etc 1990.
- History of the Church, ed by H. Jedin - K. Repgen - J. Dolan, 10 volumes, London 1965-81.
- SHELLEY Bruce L., Church history in plain language, updated second edition, Dallas/TX etc 1995.

 
STUDY-UNIT TYPE Lecture

 
METHOD OF ASSESSMENT
Assessment Component/s Sept. Asst Session Weighting
Assignment Yes 100%

 
LECTURER/S Nicholas Joseph Doublet

 

 
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It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2023/4. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.

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