|LEVEL||03 - Years 2, 3, 4 in Modular Undergraduate Course|
|DEPARTMENT||Institute of Linguistics and Language Technology|
Corpus Linguistics is the study of language through the use of corpora, i.e. large archives of linguistic data (such as texts and speech transcriptions). Over the past decades, Corpus Linguistics has emerged as an important paradigm in the study of languages, not only because it has helped to place linguistic theory on a sounder empirical footing, but also because it has challenged a number of standard assumptions that underpin some work in theoretical linguistics. This study-unit aims to introduce participants to the general field of Corpus Linguistics and its methods, and to a number of topics that have benefited from the study of linguistic corpora. In so doing, it will motivate them to assess critically some of the basic assumptions in this field, in comparison to those made in more theoretically-oriented work.
The study-unit will consist of lectures and tutorials, the latter often involving students in hands-on practical work using existing corpora and corpus analysis tools.
Part I: Foundational Issues
1. What is a corpus? A brief history of corpus linguistics.
a. Corpus linguistics and generative grammar: a critical comparison of the basic tenets of grammatical theory, and how these have been challenged by the advent of corpus-based approaches to language.
2. Types of corpora (reference corpora, parallel corpora, web corpora, multilingual corpora, etc)
a. Specific examples of existing corpora (e.g. the British National Corpus, the Maltese Language Resource Server)
3. Issues in the construction and design of linguistic corpora.
a. Representativeness and corpus design.
b. Linguistic annotation of a corpus.
4. Conducting linguistic analysis using corpora
a. Basic statistical tools (frequencies and distributions)
b. An introduction to some useful software for corpus analysis.
Part II: Applications
5. Corpus-based lexicography
6. Semantics: what collocations and idioms in a corpus can tell us about meaning.
7. Corpora and grammar: the use of corpora to discover grammatical regularities, and to determine degrees of grammaticality of different constructions.
8. Corpora and stylistics: the use of electronic data to discover the determinants of a particular style (e.g. formal vs. informal) in language.
- McEnery, T. and Wilson, A. (2001). Corpus Linguistics (2nd Ed). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press
- Biber, D., S. Conrad and R. Reppen. (1998). Corpus Linguistics: Investigating Language Structure and Use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
In addition to the above, students will also be assigned readings which will be made available throughout the course.
|METHOD OF ASSESSMENT||
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It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2021/2. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.