Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


TITLE Preventive and Community Dentistry 2 - Dental Public Health 1

LEVEL 03 - Years 2, 3, 4 in Modular Undergraduate Course


DEPARTMENT Oral Rehabilitation and Community Care

DESCRIPTION This study-unit covers the teaching in dental public health, and it builds on the principles of preventive dentistry taught in DNS2105. It consists of formal lectures, tutorials and fieldwork in the community. The fieldwork will involve visits to nurseries, kindergarten schools, summer schools,primary and secondary schools and old peoples homes. Students will be expected to prepare and pilot a questionnaire as part of their research project which is a compulsory part of this study-unit.

This study-unit focuses upon the broader picture of prevention at a population level, seeking to understand and explore the factors determining oral health and the most effective ways of preventing oral diseases and reducing inequalities in health. This study unit provides a key link between different study units within the dental curriculum.

The main topics are:
- epidemiology and trends in oral diseases
- health promotion
- oral health care systems

The student will also be introduced to research methodology.

Study-unit Aims:

The aims of this study-unit are to ensure that the student understands the underlying principles of dental public health so as to be able to implement and evaluate community based preventive programmes for target populations and apply motivational and instructional techniques regarding patient dental education through community field experiences.

This study-unit aims to create awareness in students of the needs and responsibilities of each individual in the community and of the forces in the community which modify the delivery of a comprehensive health care service by the state. The unit also provides a general understanding of current health status , barriers to health care and social issues that influence health outcomes.

This study-unit also provides knowledge on how diverse and alternative health care systems function. In addition the students are introduced to basic epidemiology and to the different indices available for describing prevalence and incidence of dental diseases in specified population groups.

The students will also be introduced to research methodology to give them the opportunity to design and pilot a questionnaire as part of their research project.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Knowledge & Understanding:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:
a) List the core elements of dental public health.
b) Explain how to reduce and prevent the incidence of dental trauma.
c) Describe the role of mouthguards in high contact sports.
d) List the principles of measuring dental disease.
e) Discuss the key principles of oral health promotion and disease prevention.
f) Explain the theoretical basis for changing attitudes and behaviour by education.
g) Describe the local organisation and provision of health care in the community and in the hospital service.
h) Explain the functions of the different members of the dental team and the role of the dental surgeon in a multidisciplinary team.
i) Outline the underlying social, cultural and environmental factors which contribute to health or illness.
j) Explain the scientific principles of sterilisation, disinfection, and antisepsis and cross infection control.
k) Describe the principles involved in carrying out research particularly in designing questionnaires and searching for information and evidence.
l) Record caries and other dental hard tissue disorders using appropriate indices at different disease levels in a public health setting.
m) Describe the epidemiology of oral diseases in relation to different background variables such as age, general health and socioeconomic status.
n) Formulate strategies to overcome barriers to dental care for disabled, elderly, socially deprived and ethnic minority groups.
o) Compare the practice of dentistry in the European Union.

2. Skills:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:
a) Apply the principles of health promotion and disease prevention via comprehensive preventive measures to individuals and the community according to their risk assessment status (during practice placement and on a one is to one basis when treating patients during clinical practice).
b) Assess preventive and health promotion approaches appropriate for the prevention of dental caries, periodontal disease, oral cancer and traumatic dental injuries.
c) Assessing health-related behaviours and inducie changes.
d) Identify special treatment needs of the elderly.
e) Manage patients from different social backgrounds.
f) Demonstrate appropriate infirmation literacy to acquire and use information from the library and other databases.
g) Implement sterilisation, disinfection and antisepsis, and cross infection control in practice.
h) Design and pilot a questionnaire and start small research projects.
i) Participate in an epidemiological surveillance study.
j) Communicate effectively with members of the dental team.

Main Text/s and any supplementary readings:

Recommended Textbooks

Essential Dental Public Health (2nd Edition)
Blanaid Daly, Richard Watt, Paula Batchelor, and Elzabeth Treasure
Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 978-0199679379

Prevention of Oral Disease (4th edition)
John J Murray, June H Nunn, James G Steele
Oxford University Press
ISBN 978-0-19-263279-1

Essential of Dental Caries
Edwina Kidd
Oxford University Press
ISBN 978-0-19-852978-1

Community Oral Health
Cynthia Pine, Rebecca Harris
Quintessence Publishing
ISBN 978-1-85097-162-7

Basic Epidemiology
R Bonita, R Beaglehole, T Kjellstrom
World Health Organisation
ISBN 92 4 154707 3

ADDITIONAL NOTES Pre-requisite Study-units: DNS1103, DNS2105

Attendance to scheduled sessions, inclusive of lectures/tutorials, practical, laboratory and clinical components is compulsory. Students who do not attend at least 90% of the scheduled sessions will not be allowed to sit for any of the assessment components mentioned below.

STUDY-UNIT TYPE Fieldwork, Ind Study, Lect, Prac, Proj, Semi & Tut

Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Presentation (20 Minutes) SEM1 Yes 20%
Fieldwork SEM2 No 20%
Online Examination (2 Hours) SEM2 Yes 60%

LECTURER/S Anne-Marie Agius
Nikolai Attard
Pauline Vassallo
Ethel Vento Zahra

The University makes every effort to ensure that the published Courses Plans, Programmes of Study and Study-Unit information are complete and up-to-date at the time of publication. The University reserves the right to make changes in case errors are detected after publication.
The availability of optional units may be subject to timetabling constraints.
Units not attracting a sufficient number of registrations may be withdrawn without notice.
It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.