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Title: Decline and fall? : the Order of the Hospital and its surrender of Malta, 1798
Authors: Mallia-Milanes, Victor
Keywords: Hompesch zu Bolheim, Ferdinand von, 1744-1805
Knights of Malta -- Malta -- History -- 18th century
France -- History -- Revolution, 1789-1799
Order of St John -- Malta -- History -- 18th century
Secularization -- Malta -- 18th century
Malta -- History -- Knights of Malta, 1530-1798
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: University of Malta. Junior College
Citation: Mallia-Milanes, V. (2016). Decline and Fall? The Order of the Hospital and its Surrender of Malta, 1798. Symposia Melitensia, Vol. 12, p. 117-137
Abstract: Traditional history claims that by the end of the eighteenth century, the Order of the Hospital had reached the end of a long-drawn-out process of secularization and decline. It also asserts that in 1798 the Hospitallers surrendered Malta as a direct result of this debilitating process. The paper argues against both misconceptions. First, at no stage in the eighteenth century, or indeed earlier, may the Order be said to have experienced decline. Secondly, within the current state of Hospitaller scholarship, its surrender of Malta may only be attributed to the devitalizing and crippling influence the French Revolution had on the institution.
ISSN: 1812-7509
Appears in Collections:SymMel, 2016, Volume 12
SymMel, 2016, Volume 12

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