Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Brucellosis and Maltese goats in the Mediterranean
Authors: Wyatt, H. Vivian
Keywords: Brucellosis -- Mediterranean region
Brucellosis -- Diagnosis
Bacterial diseases in animals
Medicine -- History -- 20th century
Epidemics -- Malta -- 20th century
Brucellosis melitensis -- Malta
Bruce, David, 1855-1931
Zammit, Themistocles, 1864-1935
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: University of Malta. Department of History
Citation: Wyatt, H.V. (2009). Brucellosis and Maltese goats in the Mediterranean. Journal of Maltese History, 1(2), 4-18
Abstract: British army doctors studied a fever which affected many servicemen in Malta: now known as the ‘Corps Disease’. Although the organism was found, it was some time before the transmission by goats’ milk was discovered. However, other means of transmission may have been important. About 10% of the milk was infective and measures by the armed forces effectively controlled the disease. For the Maltese, controls were ineffective and cases rose. In 1936 pasteurised milk went on sale. In World War II most goats were eaten, but with peace the disease returned. Eventually strict control measures eliminated the disease – after one small epidemic. Malta Fever, now known as brucellosis was endemic around the Mediterranean. Maltese goats, prized for their prolific milk yield were recognised as carriers of the disease and were sent packing. They had, however, passed on the bacteria to other breeds. Brucellosis is still a serious disease in the region.
ISSN: 2077-4338
Appears in Collections:JMH, Volume 1, No. 2 (2009)
JMH, Volume 1, No. 2 (2009)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2.Brucellosis and Maltese goats in the Mediterranean.pdf1.65 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.