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Title: Government failure, opposition success? Electoral performance in Portugal and Italy at the time of the crisis
Authors: Borghetto, Enrico
Giorgi de, Elisabetta
Lisi, Marco
Authors: University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Keywords: Elections -- Italy
Elections -- Portugal
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Citation: Borghetto, E., De Giorgi, E., & Lisi, M. (2014). Government failure, opposition success? Electoral performance in Portugal and Italy at the time of the crisis. Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, 5, 1-26.
Series/Report no.: An evolving EU engaging a changing Mediterranean region Jean Monnet Occasional Paper;05/2014
Abstract: The costs of the crisis in Southern European countries have not been only economic but political. Economic crises tend to lead to government instability and termination while political challengers are expected to exploit this contingent window of opportunity to gain an advantage over incumbents in national elections. The current crisis seems to make no exception, looking at the results of the general elections recently held in Southern Europe. However, this did not always lead to a clear victory of the main opposition parties. In most of the elections, in fact, the incumbent parties’ loss did not coincide with the official opposition’s gain. The extreme case is represented by Italy, where both the outgoing government coalition led by Silvio Berlusconi – setting aside for the moment the technocratic phase – and its main challenger, the centre left coalition, ended up losing millions of voters and a new political force, the Five Star Movement, obtained about 25 per cent of votes. On the opposite side there is Portugal. Only in Portugal did the vote increase for the centre right PSD, in fact, exceed the incumbent socialists’ loss. The present work aims at exploring the factors which might account for this significant divergence between the two cases.
ISSN: 23073950
Appears in Collections:AEE - JMOP - 2014

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