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Title: The future of human rights protection in the new Libya : prospects and challenges
Authors: Algheitta, Nasser
Authors: University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Keywords: Arab Spring, 2010-
Human rights -- Libya
Civil War (Libya : 2011-)
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Citation: Nasser, A. (2014). The future of human rights protection in the new Libya : prospects and challenges. Jean Monnet Occasional Paper, 6, 1-15.
Series/Report no.: An evolving EU engaging a changing Mediterranean region Jean Monnet Occasional Paper;06/2014
Abstract: There is no doubt that demand for the respect of human rights was one of the factors behind the Arab Spring and Libya is no exception. Four decades of absolute dictatorship headed by Muammar Gaddafi had been further tainted with gross violations of human rights of Libyan citizens and restrictions on their basic freedoms. Before the revolution, Libya was a country where no political parties were allowed. Freedom of expression and the press were extremely restricted. Reports about the country’s human rights violations published by a number of international organizations documented large scale human rights abuses at the hands of the Gaddafi regime. The 17 February 2011 revolution in Libya led to a turning point in the country’s history. The regime of Muammar Gaddafi which had dominated the country since 1969 eventually collapsed, leading to the beginning of the painful task of reconciliation and state building. Nonetheless it is estimated that more than 7000 prisoners are held captive by various militias and armed groups without due process. This in addition to thousands of internally displaced persons. State building involves the consolidation of a democratic state based on a democratic constitution. In 2011, a constitutional declaration was adopted to replace the one that had been in effect since 1969. This was intended as a stop-gap solution to allow the new political forces unleashed in the country time to write a new democratic constitution. To help consolidate the democratic state, three elements are required: that human rights be placed at its core; that these rights are truly implemented and applied; and lastly that the independence of the judiciary is safeguarded. For all this to happen it is also essential to strengthen education on human rights by encouraging non-governmental organizations to take a stronger role in promoting human rights. Libyan citizens can only avail themselves of these rights and strengthen their implementation if they know what they are and how they can benefit from their implementation.
ISSN: 23073950
Appears in Collections:AEE - JMOP - 2014

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