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Title: Migration and asylum : the movement of people in the Mediterranean Region - future scenarios and the EU response
Authors: Fernandez, Berta
Pace, Roderick
University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Keywords: European Union countries -- Emigration and immigration
Mediterranean Region -- Emigration and immigration
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: University of Malta. Institute for European Studies
Citation: Fernandez, B. (2014). Migration and asylum : the movement of people in the Mediterranean Region - future scenarios and the EU response. Jean Monnet Occasional Papers, 11, 1-19.
Series/Report no.: An evolving EU engaging a changing Mediterranean region Jean Monnet Occasional Paper;11/2014
Abstract: In recent years, the global discussion on migration and asylum has evolved from polarization of perspectives and mistrust, to improving partnerships and fostering cooperation between countries and regions. The paradigm has shifted from control and security exclusively to an increased awareness of the ramifications of migration in development and labour markets, the increasing demographic gap1 and the dangers of exclusion faced by migrant workers (regular or irregular). Eastern Europe will suffer the biggest population decline in the coming years, and Nigeria’s population will reach one billion by 2100. In Europe, the work replacement ratio will be two pensioners for one active worker. It has become clear that these facts cannot be ignored and that there is a need for greater convergence of policies (migration/mobility, fundamental rights, and economic growth), with a migrant-centred approach.2. The assumption that Europe will remain a geopolitical and economic hub that attracts immigrants at all skill levels might not hold water in the long run. The evolving demographic and economic changes have made it evident that the competitiveness of the EU (Europe 2020 Strategy) is also at stake, particularly if an adaptable workforce with the necessary skills is not secured in view of shortfalls in skill levels and because of serious labour mismatches. Therefore, it is the right moment to develop more strategic and long-term migration policies that take into account the evolving position of Europe and its neighbours in the world. By the same token, labour market strategies that meet needs and promote integration of regular migrants are still a pending task for the Member States (MS) in terms of the free movement of people, but also in relation with neighbouring and partner countries.
ISSN: 23073950
Appears in Collections:AEE - JMOP - 2014

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