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Title: The effect of acupuncture treatment on female infertility : an evidence-based literature review
Authors: Abela, Monique Marie
Keywords: Infertility, Female
Acupuncture Points
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: Objective: To review and discuss the efficacy of acupuncture in the management of female hormonal infertility caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome; and to propose a future study investigating the efficacy of acupuncture in women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Design: Evidence based literature review and proposal for future research Data Sources: PubMed, CINHAL, AMED, Medline Plus, Google Scholar, Science Direct Cochrane Collection and Hydi. Study selection: All randomized and non-randomised control studies, showing the effects of acupuncture on women with hormonal infertility caused by polycystic ovarian syndrome. Inclusion Criteria: All available acupuncture studies on human subjects with infertility caused by polycystic ovary syndrome from January 1991 to January 2016. Exclusion Criteria: Studies not meeting the inclusion criteria. Studies published in languages other than English, articles using Chinese herbal medicine alone, or in adjunction with acupuncture treatment and no animal studies. Main outcome measure: Significant increase in ovulation rate, the return of regular menstruation and pregnancy rates with the use of acupuncture therapy. Results: Nineteen studies were included in the review. Acupuncture helps to regulate menstrual cycles and sex hormones such as LH, FSH, Testosterone and Estradiol. It can help induce ovulation and has shown similar efficacy to pharmaceutical drugs such as clomiphene citrate. Moreover acupuncture studies reveal that electro-acupuncture can help reduce BMI and insulin sensitivity. Conclusions: Women with PCOS do not expect the adverse effects of pharmacologic interventions; Acupuncture is a safe and effective treatment for women with PCOS, as only a few side effects have been reported. More research is required as methodology of published studies is weak. More trials with larger sample sizes are required before a conclusive statement can be drawn to support the use of acupuncture in the management of infertility in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
Description: M.CHINESE MED.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - IMPMCMC - 2016

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