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Title: Between bubbles and enclaves discussing a new working term to interculturalism and meaning via a case study of Israeli women in Brussels
Authors: Tzadik, Efrat
Keywords: Exclaves -- Belgium -- Brussels
Cultural pluralism -- Belgium -- Brussels
Multicultural education -- Belgium -- Brussels
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: University of Malta. Faculty of Education
Citation: Tzadik, E. (2016). Between bubbles and enclaves discussing a new working term to interculturalism and meaning via a case study of Israeli women in Brussels. Malta Review for Educational Research, 10(1), 51-67.
Abstract: Changing one’s place of residency creates new challenges, such as how to preserve social, cultural, ethnic or national identities and how to create a comfortable living environment in the new country; creating a new ‘home.’ In this article I explore ways in which migrant women transform a new place into a space, into a new home. More specifically, this article answers the question of the mechanisms used by Israeli women who immigrated to Belgium in order to create a setting wherein they feel a sense of comfort and belonging. I call this mechanism ‘social bubbles’, a term taken from Cohen (1992) in his work about types of tourists. Cohen named it ‘environmental bubbles’. My aim is to develop the use of the term for general migration. Looking at a religious group is often discussed in terms of ‘enclaves’ (Sivan, 1991; Valins, 2003). Enclaves are social forms where people live completely within the boundaries of the group. Individuals are not obliged to remain in the community (in the enclaves) but there is social pressure to do so. I compare the term ‘enclave’ with ‘social bubble’ and explain that the use of the term is more flexible, dynamic and leads to a new perspective on the whole phenomenon of integration of social groups: religious, ethnic, national and for different migration purposes; asylum seekers, expatriates, refugees and others. Although the concept of bubbles could describe social groups, such as Jewish people in Brussels, Belgium, this article focuses mainly on Israelis who immigrated to Brussels.
ISSN: 17269725
Appears in Collections:MRER, Volume 10, Issue 1
MRER, Volume 10, Issue 1

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