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Title: Religion, politics and ethnicity in Cyprus during the Turkocratia (1571-1878)
Authors: Sant Cassia, Paul
Keywords: Islands of the Mediterranean -- History
Christianity -- Cyprus -- History
Islam -- Cyprus -- History
Taxation -- Cyprus -- History
Orthodox Eastern Church -- Cyprus -- History
Issue Date: 1986
Publisher: Lectito Journals
Citation: Sant Cassia, P. (1986). Religion, politics and ethnicity in Cyprus during the Turkocratia (1571-1878). European Journal of Sociology, 27(1), 3-28.
Abstract: This paper examines the relationship between religion, ethnicity and politics in Cyprus during the Turkocratia (1571–1878), the period of Ottoman rule. Its major thesis is that in the pre-industrial framework of Ottoman rule in Cyprus neither religion nor ethnicity were major sources of conflict in a society composed of two ethnic groups (Greeks and Turks) and following two monotheistic faiths(Christianity and Islam) in marked contrast to the recent history of Cyprus. In broad outline it closely parallels Gellner's thesis (1983) that nationalism is a by-product of industrialization, extensive education literacy and geographical and social mobility, and it seeks to show that the major cleavages in Cyprus were mainly intraethnic rather than interethnic.
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