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Title: Proposal for the nomination of Lower Globigerina Limestone of the Maltese Islands as a "Global Heritage Stone Resource"
Authors: Cassar, JoAnn
Torpiano, Alex
Zammit, Tano
Micallef, Aaron
Keywords: Limestone -- Conservation and restoration -- Malta
Vernacular architecture -- Conservation and restoration -- Malta
Globigerina limestone -- Conservation and restoration -- Malta
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Scientific Research Publishing, Inc.
Citation: Cassar, J., Torpiano, A., Zammit, T., & Micallef, A. (2017). Proposal for the nomination of Lower Globigerina Limestone of the Maltese Islands as a "Global Heritage Stone Resource". Journal of International Geoscience, 40(3), 221-231.
Abstract: The Lower Globigerina Limestone of the Maltese Islands is here being proposed for nomination as a “Global Heritage Stone Resource”. This stone, continuously used for building and sculpture for 6000 years, is well suited to fit this global designation as it is not only of great local cultural, historic and economic importance, but it is also the building stone used in construction of the UNESCO, and hence internationally recognized, World Heritage city of Valletta, as well as the UNESCO-listed Prehistoric Megalithic Temples of the Maltese Islands. The stone was also exported to several European and North African countries especially in the early 20 th century. The entire range of archaeological remains and historic architecture which cover the Maltese Islands have been built in this stone, and encompass innumerable palaces and churches, including the fortified cities of Valletta, Mdina (the old capital of Malta), the Three Cities on the Grand Harbour and the Citadel of Gozo, as well as the vernacular architecture ubiquitous within the village cores all over the Islands. The soft limestone has also been widely used over the millennia for elaborate and extensive sculptural motifs. Practically the only natural resource of the Islands, it continues to be quarried today, and is used not only for new construction, but also for the regular restoration of Malta’s great and imposing architectural heritage, remaining thus an important pillar of the Maltese economy.
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