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Title: The role of the police in the protection of witnesses and victims of crime : a criminal law perspective
Authors: Muscat, Maria Eliza
Keywords: Criminal justice, Administration of
Witnesses -- Protection -- Law and legislation
Victims of crimes -- Protection -- Law and legislation
Issue Date: 2017
Abstract: Victims of crime are those who oftentimes trigger the proceedings of Criminal Justice. Since most witnesses are victims of crime, the two terms are usually linked and discussed together. Recent developments have seen a surge of improvement when it comes to protection of witnesses and victim’s rights. This term paper focuses on the history of victims’ rights and protection of witnesses in Malta, and draw a comparison with present-day legislation through the analysis of past and current studies. The EU directive and United Nations charter will be discussed, however the focus of the paper will mainly remain on the situation in Malta. The paper will then examine victim’s rights, including the right to information, and the right to compensation. The right to information will be given importance since the first person that a victim usually goes to for help is the police, and so it has a greater responsibility to keep the victim updating as to what is happening. Protection of witnesses is another important aspect, including the witness protection programme, since it falls within the ambit of police responsibility as shown in the Police Act, both in regards to victims being witnesses and also in regards to accomplices who have had participated in any organisation or group of persons who committed or planned to commit any crime. In relation to the latter, the paper will examine the protection of whistleblowers in this context. This paper will have a criminal law perspective, and so it will not delve into the procedures set for testifying witnesses, save for certain details that pertain to the sections in the paper. The final aim is to determine whether the laws, which are being enforced, are providing a sufficient safeguard for witnesses and victims of crime.
Description: LL.B
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacLaw - 2017
Dissertations - FacLawCri - 2017

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