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Title: Chameleon careers? Exploring the specificity of career guidance in small states
Other Titles: Education in small states : global imperatives, regional initiatives and local dilemmas
Authors: Sultana, Ronald G.
Keywords: Career development -- States, Small
Vocational guidance -- States, Small
Education -- States, Small
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Routledge
Citation: Sultana, R. G. (2010). Chameleon careers? Exploring the specificity of career guidance in small states. In P. Mayo (Ed.), Education in small states : global imperatives, regional initiatives and local dilemmas (pp. 130-143). London: Routledge.
Abstract: This chapter sets out to consider the implications of small 'scale' for the field of career guidance. By 'scale' we are referring to the size of the population of a particular state or territory, and therefore the key question is the extent to which small countries experience similar challenges in the provision of career guidance services, with these challenges being attributed-or potentially attributable-to scale. Career guidance has been very much on the research and policy agenda in the European Union and internationally, with various survey reports and resources being produced by or on behalf of such organisations and agencies as the OECD (2004), th~ World Bank (Watts & Fretwell, 2004), the International Labour Office (Hansen, 2006), and European Union agencies and directorates such as the European Training Foundation (Sultana, 2003; Sultana & Watts, 2007, 2008), CEDEFOP (Sultana, 2004, 2008), and DO Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities (Sultana and Watts, 2005, 2006).1 All these studies have promoted a great deal of policy debate at national and international levels, and have proved useful in generating insights about the place of career guidance in the knowledge economy in highly developed, transition, as well as developing states and territories. An important question in relation to these studies is whether the categories of analysis that they gave rise to are more applicable to larger countries than to smaller ones, and whether the specificities of contexts have been obscured by the imperative of providing generic, comparative syntheses (Sultana, 2009). It was therefore felt that it would be useful to revisit the survey material and to focus on small states, in an attempt to foster a deeper understanding of the challenges and opportunities for guidance services in such contexts. In what follows I will draw on a larger study, carried out in the context of a European Unionfunded project (Sultana, 2006),2 to first outline the methodology used to prepare this preliminary study, moving on to define small states and to highlight the latter's key characteristics. I will then synthesise some of the main issues that arise from the literature on small states and from the empirical data available in order to make a number of propositions about the nature of career guidance in small states.
ISBN: 9780415560399
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - CenEMER
Scholarly Works - FacEduES

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