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Title: Women and social justice : does career guidance have a role?
Other Titles: Career guidance for emancipation : reclaiming justice for the multitude
Authors: Bimrose, Jenny
McMahon, Mary
Watson, Mark
Keywords: Vocational guidance -- Philosophy
Social justice -- Vocational guidance
Women's rights
Women -- Employment
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Routledge
Citation: Bimrose, J., McMahon, M., & Watson, M. (2019). Women and social justice : does career guidance have a role? In T. Hooley, R. G. Sultana & R. Thomsen (Eds.), Career guidance for emancipation : reclaiming justice for the multitude (pp. 15-32). London: Routledge.
Abstract: Female disadvantage in the labour market is a critical contemporary issue (International Labour Organization, 2016) with a history that dates back centuries and crosses national and cultural boundaries. Even in ancient Greece, Rome and China, patriarchal systems ensured that women’s place in society, including in education and work, was not equal to that of men. Indeed, women’s unequal place in labour markets, historically and geographically, is a long-standing and pervasive issue in which little progress has been made, despite some legislative changes in many countries. For example, more than a decade on from the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing ‘only marginal improvements have been achieved’ (International Labour Organization, 2016, p. xi). The corrosive, challenging and deeply unfair social justice issues of gender inequality, particularly women’s labour market disadvantage, are the focus of this chapter. Social justice, as an ideal, is most frequently associated with ‘minority’ groups whose position in society is unequal to that of the ‘majority’. By contrast, the entrenched inequality related to women’s position in societies across the world concerns approximately half of the world’s population. For women, ‘equal opportunity is the exception rather than the norm’ (Blustein, 2015, p. 221). Social justice values have underpinned the profession of career guidance since its inception when it sought to assist disadvantaged people, including women, to achieve better futures. This chapter further elaborates women’s unequal labour market participation, including the influence of neoliberalism, and gender inequality internationally to provide a backdrop against which it considers the potential role of career guidance in relation to social justice and ‘constructing a future for women that is not beset by the inequalities that have been so pervasive throughout history’ (Bimrose, McMahon, & Watson, 2015a, p. 264).
ISBN: 9781138087439
Appears in Collections:Career guidance for emancipation : reclaiming justice for the multitude

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