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Title: Building trends & policies : 1943-1981
Authors: Camilleri, Anton
Keywords: Architecture -- Malta -- History -- 20th century
Architecture, Domestic -- Malta
Baby boom generation -- Malta
Planned communities -- Malta
City planning -- Malta -- History -- 20th century
Issue Date: 1982
Citation: Camilleri, A. (1982). Building trends & policies : 1943-1981 (Bachelor's dissertation).
Abstract: When I started to write this Dissertation, my intention was to fill a void in the History of Post-War Building Development in Malta. Much has been written in the past about various aspects of this period, particularly the late 60's and the years of the Building Boom. Yet there was no single piece of work which covered the whole of the Post-War period in a clear, comprehensive and chronological manner. So my primary concern has been the faithful documentation of facts pertaining to "Building" (particularly House Building which forms practically the major part of building operations in Malta), coupled with a critical analysis on the way these developments were influenced by the social, political and economic circumstances of the time. As I gathered information through Government Reports, Statistics data. Dissertations and Press Reports, it appeared that to go into a certain degree of detail would produce a rather hefty document so I decided to limit my work to what was purely necessary to the development of the general theme (even this produced quite a considerable volume of work). One might argue that I could have treated certain developments in a relatively superficial manner. However, this has been the result of the limitation in space available and I believe it does not detract from the overall presentation. The Dissertation starts with a cursory look at developments prior to the Second World War: Influences from the U.K. (of which Malta was a Colony until 1964) and the effect of the Police Laws. I have then pointed out the immediate problems of the Post-War period, notably housing the war homeless. This marked the reconstruction phase and a frantic effort to rebuild war damaged arears. I have described as the "Transition Phase" the years in the late 50's when the reconstruction effort was past its peak and Malta was in the Embryonic stage of industrialisation. It was during this period that most policies relating to Housing and Town Planning were being formulated and the first (and only!) Post-War New Towns (or "Communities") at Santa Lucia and San Gwann were built. Following independence- in 1964, the industrialisation effort started bearing fruit and Malta experienced an unprecedented building boom. This brought in its wake a serious housing shortage and renewed efforts to control building development through the drafting of Town Planning Legislation and drawing up of a Master Plan for the Islands. The last 13 years have seen a massive building effort by the government through Housing Estates all over the Island. Although apparently solving the perennial problem of housing provision it has created further pressure on Malta's resources, particularly its most precious resource: Land. The shelving of Town Planning Legislation and the continued encroachment on valuable agricultural land has been characteristic of this latest period in the Island's History of Building Development. Finally I have tried to point out how through learning the Lessons of History, Malta can develop in the correct manner and the years to come. Throughout most of this Dissertation, I have mainly dealt with Malta only, and not Gozo basically due to the practical limitations of the Dissertation. Also I would have liked to include a History of similar developments overseas (particularly on the Continent) but I was again limited in the space and time available. Nevertheless I hope that this Dissertation was a useful exercise as a basis to further work and that it will generate some form of critical response.
Description: B.E.&A.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacBen - 1982-2018

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