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Title: Legislation in Malta
Other Titles: Legislation in European - a country by country guide
Authors: Sammut, Ivan
Keywords: Law -- Malta -- Interpretation and construction
Law -- Malta -- History
Common law -- Malta
Legislative power -- Malta
British -- Malta -- History -- 19th century
Legislation -- Malta
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Hart Publishing
Citation: Sammut, I., (2020). Legislation in Malta. In H. Xanthaki, & U. Karpen (Eds), Legislation in European - a Country by Country Guide (pp. 325-336). Dublin: Hart Publishing.
Abstract: The Maltese legal order is at the crossroads of civil law and common law. Malta has a long legal history tied to continental Europe and this very strong connection strengthened, during the period of the Knights from 1530 to 1798 and continued well beyond the arrival of the British in 1800. When the Maltese Civil Code was first enacted in 1868, the major source was the Napoleonic Code. As a result, Maltese substantive private law is based on the Roman/civil law system. The British period, which lasted more than a century and a half, left a very strong impact on the Maltese legal order. In fact, British influence is mostly found in procedural and administrative law, where the Maltese system is much closer to the British common law system than to the continental civil system. Nevertheless, the Maltese legal system, unlike the common law system, is a codified system where even though the administrative and procedural law is based on common law, it is codified. The Maltese Code of Organization and Civil Procedure (COCP) dates back to 1865. Although the Laws of Malta include codes like their continental counterpart, the common law influence can still be seen, as the codification process is not complete. While a good part of private law is found in the Civil Code and the Commercial Code, other laws of a private law nature are scattered across various chapters of the almost 500 chapters of laws that make up Maltese law, like the laws of England. While the courts follow the common law procedural principles, the doctrine of precedent, which is essential for a ‘pure’ common law system, is absent in Malta. From a constitutional point of view, the Maltese Constitution follows the British model with one major difference. Under the British system, Parliament is supreme and a Parliament can never bind a future Parliament. Under the Maltese Constitution, parliamentary sovereignty is limited by the supremacy clause of the Maltese Constitution.
ISBN: 9781509924707
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacLawEC

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