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Title: Overview of the blood transfusion policy in preterms on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Authors: Said Conti, Valerie
Azzopardi, Eugenio
Parascandalo, Raymond
Soler, Paul
Attard Montalto, Simon
Keywords: Blood -- Transfusion -- Malta
Premature infants -- Blood -- Transfusion
Birth weight, Low
Neonatal intensive care -- Malta
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Malta Medical Journal
Citation: Malta Medical Journal. 2013, Vol.25(3), p. 46-50
Abstract: Preterm infants on the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit receive a greater number of red cell transfusions than any other hospitalised group. Over the past twenty years research has focused on setting standards to determine when it is necessary to transfuse packed cells in this cohort, whilst exploring the use of red cell growth factors and other substrates judiciously in order to reduce and/or avoid red cell transfusions and limit donor exposure. One hundred and eighty-one blood transfusions were administered to 106 preterms less than 35 weeks gestation on the NICU during 2009 in Malta. The median (range) volume of blood used from each bag supplied by the Blood Transfusion Department was 25.8mls (10-50mls), the rest of which was discarded. Risk factors for transfusion included Extremely Low Birth Weight (less than 1kg) and a gestation of less than 30 weeks. The blood transfusion guidelines presently in use on the local NICU were reviewed and compared with more restrictive guidelines on other units and suggestions made to reduce transfusions in line with these guidelines. A reduction in transfusion aliquots provided for neonates to just 50mls from the customary 250mls in a dedicated single-donor programme will safeguard limited health resources and minimise donor exposure.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 25, Issue 3
MMJ, Volume 25, Issue 3
Scholarly Works - FacM&SPae

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