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Title: Changing clinical activity in Paediatrics in Malta, 1996-2011
Authors: Attard Montalto, Simon
Gatt, Miriam
Keywords: Pediatrics -- Malta
Pediatrics -- Malta -- Statistics
Childbirth -- Malta -- Statistics
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Malta Medical Journal
Citation: Malta Medical Journal. 2014, Vol.26(1), p. 3-7
Abstract: Aim: This study reviews the clinical workload in paediatrics in Malta over a 16-year period. Methods: National statistics for live birth rates were obtained from the Directorate of Health Information and Research. Data for paediatric (birth to 14 completed years) and neonatal admissions, day cases, outpatient visits, attendance at Paediatric Accident and Emergency and the Community-based Developmental Unit were obtained from the Annual Reports, Department of Paediatrics, for the period 1996-2011. Results: During the study period, live births fell by 11% from 4,349 in 1996 to 3,857 in 2005, and recovered to 4,283 in 2011. Whereas neonatal admissions to NPICU remained constant at around 340(±22) per annum, inpatient admissions to the general Paediatric wards decreased by 19% (from 3,151 to 2,550), and casualty reviews dropped by 35% (11,831 to 7,773). In contrast, day care reviews increased by 66% (1,347 to 3,928), the total outpatient workload increased by 70% (13,500 to 22,998), and cases reviewed in the Community-based Child Developmental Unit increased by 184% from 413 to 1174. Changes observed in the clinical activity in Gozo General Hospital were similar but less marked. Conclusion: Over a 16 year period, there has been a significant shift in the paediatric workload in Malta from an in-patient bias in 1996 to increased day care and outpatient reviews in 2011. This shift is largely the result of improved hospital and community day health care services, and can be increased further with augmented community care. Health resources and future paediatric health care programmes will need to take heed of these trends.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 26, Issue 1
MMJ, Volume 26, Issue 1
Scholarly Works - FacM&SPae

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