Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/18471
Title: Triode plasma diffusion treatment of titanium alloys
Authors: Cassar, Glenn
Matthews, Allan
Leyland, Adrian
Keywords: Titanium alloys
Plasma diffusion
Triodes
Physical vapor deposition
Diffusion processes
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Cassar, G., Matthews, A., & Leyland, A. (2012). Triode plasma diffusion treatment of titanium alloys. Surface and Coatings Technology, 212, 20-31.
Abstract: In this paper the structure, properties and tribological behaviour of the binary β titanium alloy Ti–15Mo have been investigated. Low-pressure triode plasma diffusion processes were used to improve the wear resistance of this material and the results were compared with equivalent work carried out on the more popular and better known α+β alloy, Ti–6Al–4V. In order to study these materials, X-ray diffraction, micro- and nano-indentation hardness, surface profilometry, optical microscopy, electron backscatter diffraction and ball-on-plate reciprocating wear testing were employed. These techniques show stark differences between the two titanium alloys, not only in their structure and properties, but also in their response to the surface engineering treatments investigated. It was found that the relatively coarse-grained Ti–15Mo experiences a larger increase in surface roughness when plasma diffusion-treated, particularly where nitrogen is used to provide the active ionised gas species. However, physical vapour deposition (PVD) of a thin pure α-Ti layer can effectively reduce this roughening effect to acceptable levels without compromising the diffusion treatment efficacy in terms of the case hardness and depth achieved. Once a thin PVD layer of α-Ti has been deposited onto the untreated Ti–15Mo, significant improvements in the wear re- sistance of this alloy can be achieved by either nitrogen plasma-diffusion treatment or by a duplex process routine which includes the final deposition of a hard PVD TiN ceramic coating. Furthermore, the results presented here show that triode plasma oxidation is also a simple (yet very effective) method that can be used to drastically im- prove the tribological performance of this alloy, where the careful control of (oxide) compound layer formation can produce a hard and wear-resistant surface without the need for duplex PVD coating.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/18471
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacEngMME

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