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Title: Motion and performance analysis of an experimental model floating wind turbine
Authors: Bonnici, David
Agius, Sean
Sant, Tonio
Micallef, Daniel
Keywords: Wind power
Wind turbines
Rotors -- Design and construction
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: The European Wind Energy Association (EWEA)
Citation: Bonnici, D., Agius, S., Sant, T., & Micallef, D. (2011). Motion and performance analysis of an experimental model floating wind turbine. EWEA Offshore 2011 : Moving Ahead of the Energy Curve, Amsterdam. 1-10.
Abstract: Laboratory measurements of the motion and rotor performance of a model floating wind turbine were undertaken under simple wind and wave conditions. The model consisted of a 40cm diameter rotor mounted on a fully submerged cylinder supported vertically by four arms to form a tension leg floater. The laboratory facility involved a low-wind speed straight-through wind tunnel assembled on the water wave generator. The turbine was connected to a DC generator and an electrical variable-resistance load to vary the rotor speed. Tests were undertaken for one fixed wind speed, varying the rotor tip speed ratio and wave conditions. Four different one-dimensional wave conditions were considered, each with a different wavelength and frequency. Sensors were installed to measure the unsteady wave height and surge of the turbine platform. Other sensors were installed to measure the rotor speed and the generator output power. The measurements show the effects of rotor tip speed ratio and wave condition on the surge motion of the floater. The presence of aerodynamic damping due to the turbine was evident for certain wave conditions. The rotor experienced considerable deviations in the power coefficient characteristics when subjected to waves. The deviations were larger at and above the optimal tip speed ratio. Good agreement was obtained when the measurements for the power coefficient and surge displacement were compared with those from a simplified mathematical model. The model was based on the Blade-Element Momentum theory for rotor aerodynamics and on the Morison equation for the hydrodynamic forces on the floater.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacBenED
Scholarly Works - FacEngME

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