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Title: An investigation into the effect of Triode Plasma Oxidation (TPO) on the tribological properties of Ti6Al4V
Authors: Banfield, Sarah
Avelar-Batista Wilson, J. C.
Cassar, Glenn
Leyland, Adrian
Matthews, Allan
Housden, Jonathan
Keywords: Alloys
Titanium alloys
Plasma diffusion
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Banfield, S., Wilson, J. A. B., Cassar, G., Leyland, A., Matthews, A., & Housden, J. (2011). An investigation into the effect of Triode Plasma Oxidation (TPO) on the tribological properties of Ti6Al4V. Surface and Coatings Technology, 206(7), 1955-1962.
Abstract: Improving the tribological properties of titanium alloys has been the subject of extensive research for many years. A number of thermochemical processes have been developed for that purpose. In this study, surface hardening of Ti6Al4V is achieved by Triode Plasma Oxidation (TPO) which differs from conventional diode plasma treatments through the use of a third electrode; a negatively biased tungsten filament to enhance the ionisation levels in the plasma. The resultant surface generally consists of a top oxide layer with an oxy- gen diffusion zone lying immediately underneath it. The effects of process parameters such as substrate tem- perature, current density and oxygen partial pressure have been investigated. Surface hardness measurements at various indentation loads were carried out to assess the changes in hardness with depth across the diffusion layer. The hardness profiles obtained confirmed the gradual decrease in hardness with treatment depth and provided an indication of the thickness of the hardened layer produced. Ball-on-plate reciprocating sliding wear data and glancing angle XRD analyses of the oxidised samples are also presented. The results indicate that a harder and deeper case is achieved at both high substrate temperature and high oxygen partial pressure. Furthermore, XRD data show that the substrate temperature strongly affects the structure of the oxide layer produced. All TPO-treated samples exhibit significantly better wear performance compared to the untreated material.
Description: The authors gratefully acknowledge the UK Technology Strategy Board for financial support under the collaborative project LIB-TEC, project No TP 22076.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacEngMME

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