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Title: Oral polio immunisation and breastfeeding
Authors: Mifsud, Anton
Keywords: Poliomyelitis vaccine
Poliomyelitis -- Immunological aspects
Issue Date: 1984
Publisher: University of Malta Medical School
Citation: Mifsud, A. (1984). Oral polio immunisation and breastfeeding. Medi-Scope, 6, 23-25.
Abstract: During the latter part of the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) a system of inoculation was introduced in Chinat whereby pulverised crusts from smallpox pustules were blown through a silver tube into the nostril, the left in males, and the right in females. Even before the rapid spread 'of vaccination which started in England in 1799 through the efforts of Jenner, inoculation or "variolation" against smallpox had already been extensively practised in Turkey throughout the previous century. Due to its dramatic impact on the diseilse, smallpox vaccination became compulsory in England during the early 19th century; and it was towards the end of the latter era that the immunological basis of infectious disease and their prevention had been established. The early 1900's saw the development of vaccines against diphtheria, tetanus and typhoid, and later cholera. Viruses, being intra-cellular parasites, proved difficult to culture and virus vaccines appeared much later. It was in 1949 that Dr John Enders of Harvard discovered the possibility that poliovirus could be grown in tissues culture; the development of polio and other vaccines rapidly followed.
Appears in Collections:Medi-Scope, Issue 6
Medi-Scope, Issue 6

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