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Title: New Mediterranean biodiversity records (October 2015)
Authors: Schembri, Patrick J.
Crocetta, Fabio
Agius, Daryl
Balistreri, Paolo
Bariche, Michel
Ergüden, Deniz
Bayhan, Y. K.
Cakir, Murat
Ciriaco, S.
Corsini-Foka, Maria
Deidun, Alan
El Zrelli, Radhouan
Erguden, Deniz
Evans, Julian
Ghelia, Maria
Giavasi, Maria
Kleitou, Periklis
Kondylatos, Gerasimos
Lipej, Lovrenc
Mifdus, Constantine
Ozvarol, Yasar
Pagano, A.
Portelli, Paul
Poursanidis, Dimitris
Rabaoui, Lofti
Taskin, Ergun
Tiralongo, Francesco
Zenetos, Argyro
Keywords: Introduced organisms
Gobiidae -- Italy
Jellyfish blooms
Perciformes -- Italy
Jellyfishes -- Italy
Snake eels -- Italy
Mytilidae -- Italy
Swimming crabs -- Tunisia
Platyhelminthes -- Malta
Swimming crabs -- Malta
Callinectes -- Malta
Blue crab -- Malta
Pterois miles -- Greece
Diadematidae -- Greece
Sea urchins
Penaeus aztecus -- Greece
Carangidae -- Turkey
Hexanchidae -- Turkey
Red algae -- Turkey
Octopuses -- Cyprus
Xanthidae -- Cyprus
Nudibranchia -- Cyprus
Cardinalfishes -- Cyprus
Xanthidae -- Lebanon
Matuta -- Lebanon
Synanceia -- Lebanon
Serranidae -- Lebanon
Seriola -- Lebanon
Cobia -- Lebanon
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Hellenic Centre for Marine Research
Citation: Crocetta, F., Agius, D., Balistreri, P., Bariche, M., Bayhan, Y. K., Çakir, M., ... & Ergüden, D. (2015). New Mediterranean biodiversity records (October 2015). Mediterranean Marine Science 16, 3, 682-702.
Abstract: The Collective Article “New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records” of the Mediterranean Marine Science journal offers the means to publish biodiversity records in the Mediterranean Sea. The current article has adopted a country-based classification and the countries are listed according to their geographic position, from west to east. New biodiversity data are reported for 7 different countries, although one species reported from Malta is new for the entire Mediterranean basin, and is presumably also present in Israel and Lebanon (see below, under Malta). Italy: the rare native fish Gobius kolombatovici is first reported from the Ionian Sea, whilst the alien jellyfish Rhopilema nomadica and the alien fish Oplegnathus fasciatus are first reported from the entire country. The presence of O. fasciatus from Trieste is concomitantly the first for the entire Adriatic Sea. Finally, the alien bivalve Arcuatula senhousia is reported for the first time from Campania (Tyrrhenian Sea). Tunisia: a bloom of the alien crab ortunus segnis is first reported from the Gulf of Gabes, where it was considered as casual. Malta: the alien flatworm Maritigrella fuscopunctata is recorded in the Mediterranean Sea for the first time, on the basis of 25 specimens. At the same time, web searches include possible unpublished records from Israel and Lebanon. The alien crab P. segnis, already mentioned above, is first formally reported from Malta based on specimens collected in 1972. Concomitantly, the presence of Callinectes sapidus in Maltese waters is excluded since based on misidentifications. Greece: the Atlantic northern brown shrimp Penaeus atzecus, previously known from the Ionian Sea from sporadic records only, is now well established in Greek and international Ionian waters. The alien sea urchin Diadema setosum is reported for the second time from Greece, and its first record from the country is backdated to 2010 in Rhodes Island. The alien lionfish Pterois miles is first reported from Greece and concomitantly from the entire Aegean Sea. Turkey: the alien rhodophyte Antithamnion hubbsii is first reported from Turkey and the entire eastern Mediterranean. New distribution data are also provided for the native fishes Alectis alexandrina and Heptranchias perlo. In particular, the former record consists of a juvenile measuring 21.38 mm total length, whilst the latter by a mature male. Cyprus: the rare native cephalopod Macrotritopus defilippi, and the alien crab Atergatis roseus, sea slug Plocamopherus ocellatus and fish Cheilodipterus novemstriatus are first recorded from the entire country. Lebanon: the alien crabs Actaea savignii and Matuta victor, as well as the alien fish Synanceia verrucosa, are first recorded from the entire country. In addition, the first Mediterranean record of A. savignii is backdated to 2006, whilst the high number of M. victor specimens observed in Lebanon suggest its establishment in the Basin. The Atlantic fishes Paranthias furcifer and Seriola fasciata, and the circumtropical Rachycentron canadum, are also first reported from the country. The P. furcifer record backdates its presence in the Mediterranean to 2007, whilst S. fasciata records backdate its presence in the eastern Mediterranean to 2005. Finally, two of these latter species have been recently ascribed to alien species, but all three species may fit the cryptogenic category, if not a new one, better.
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