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Title: A study to assess the utilization of the influenza vaccine amongst doctors and nurses in the medical wards at Mater Dei Hospital
Authors: Aquilina, Annelise
Anastasi, Stephanie
Zammit, Christopher
Keywords: Influenza -- Epidemics -- Malta
Influenza -- Prevention
Influenza vaccines -- Malta
Hospitals -- Employees -- Malta
Issue Date: 2017-06
Publisher: University of Malta. Medical School
Citation: Aquilina, A., Anastasi, S. & Zammit, C. (2017). A study to assess the utilization of the influenza vaccine amongst doctors and nurses in the medical wards at Mater Dei Hospital. Malta Medical School Gazette, 1(2), 26-38.
Abstract: Introduction: Seasonal influenza may be associated with a high morbidity and mortality rate. Efforts at promoting effective influenza vaccination in the general population and amongst health-care workers have been of increasing importance over recent years. Aim: To assess use of influenza vaccine amongst doctors and nurses working in the medical wards at Mater Dei Hospital. Method: Data was collected using questionnaires supplied to nurses on the wards and posted online to doctors. Results: A total of 130 questionnaires were completed. Results showed underutilization of the vaccine, with only 34% of respondents taking the vaccine in 2015. 43% of doctors (n=76) and 20% of nurses (n=54) confirmed taking the vaccine. 44% of senior doctors (HST level and above; n=27), were compliant with the vaccination; 43% of the junior doctors (n=49) took the vaccine, of which foundation-year doctors formed the larger portion (FY 55%; BST 19%). In the case of nurses, 25% of the 8 senior nurses took the vaccine, and 19% of the 46 staff nurses were compliant. The commonest reasons for non-compliance to vaccination included doubt about its beneficial effects and fear of side effects. The most effective method for promoting the influenza vaccine included nurses handing out the vaccine on site Conclusion: The influenza vaccination coverage-rate in Malta amongst health-care workers during the 2015-2016 season was estimated to be 33.8%. The audit was limited by its small sample size and selection bias. Improved education about the beneficial effects of the vaccine is recommended in order to improve outcomes.
Appears in Collections:MMSG, Volume 1, Issue 2
MMSG, Volume 1, Issue 2

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