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Title: Dopamine D2 receptor occupancy with risperidone or olanzapine during maintenance treatment of schizophrenia : a cross-sectional study
Authors: Mizuno, Yuya
Bies, Robert R.
Remington, Gary
Mamo, David
Suzuki, Takefumi
Pollock, Bruce G.
Tsuboi, Takashi
Watanabe, Koichiro
Mimura, Masaru
Uchida, Hiroyuki
Keywords: Antipsychotic drugs
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Citation: Mizuno, Y., Bies, R. R., Remington, G., Mamo, D. C., Suzuki, T., Pollock, B. G., ... & Uchida, H. (2012). Dopamine D2 receptor occupancy with risperidone or olanzapine during maintenance treatment of schizophrenia: a cross-sectional study. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 37(1), 182-187.
Abstract: In treating schizophrenia, it has been established that 65–80% occupancy of dopamine D2 receptors opti- mizes therapeutic efficacy while minimizing risks of extrapyramidal symptoms. However, it is unclear as to whether it is necessary to keep D2 receptor occupancy within this therapeutic window to maintain re- sponse. In this study, daily peak and trough D2 receptor occupancy levels were estimated in clinically sta- ble patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) who were receiving risperidone or olanzapine. Using two collected plasma samples, plasma antipsychotic concentrations at peak and trough were estimated with population pharmacokinetic techniques. Corresponding dopamine D2 receptor occupancy levels were then estimated, using a recently developed model. 35 subjects with stable schizophrenia completed the study (mean± SD age, 48.8± 13.8 years; male [N= 14]; Asians [N= 23], Caucasians [N= 12]; risperidone [N= 20] at 3.2± 2.3 mg/day, and olanzapine [N= 15] at 9.2± 4.9 mg/day) between September and Decem- ber 2010. 48.6% (N= 17) did not achieve a continuous blockade of ≥65%. Moreover, 11.4% (N= 4) did not achieve the 65% threshold at estimated peak concentrations. In conclusion, approximately half the subjects with stable schizophrenia did not achieve estimated continuous blockade of D2 receptor occupancy of ≥65%. The results suggest that sustained D2 receptor occupancy levels of ≥65% may not always be neces- sary for the maintenance treatment of schizophrenia.
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