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Title: The seascape of demersal fish nursery areas in the North Mediterranean Sea, a first step towards the implementation of spatial planning for trawl fisheries
Authors: Colloca, Francesco
Garofalo, Germana
Bitetto, Isabella
Facchini, Maria Teresa
Grati, Fabio
Martiradonna, Angela
Mastrantonio, Gianluca
Nikolioudakis, Nikolaos
Ordinas, Francesc
Scarcella, Giuseppe
Tserpes, George
Tugores, Pilar M.
Valavanis, Vasilis
Carlucci, Roberto
Fiorentino, Fabio
Follesa, Maria C.
Iglesias, Magdalena
Knittweis, Leyla
Lefkaditou, Eugenia
Lembo, Giuseppe
Manfredi, Chiara
Massuti, Enric
Pace, Marie Louise
Papadopoulou, Nadia
Sartor, Paolo
Smith, Christopher J.
Spedicato, Maria Teresa
Keywords: Marine spatial planning
Marine spatial planning -- Mediterranean Region
Marine biodiversity -- Mediterranean Region
Fishes -- Mediterranean Region
Fisheries -- Mediterranean Region
Trawls and trawling -- Mediterranean Region
Marine nurseries -- Mediterranean Region
Issue Date: 2015-03-18
Publisher: PloS
Citation: Colloca, F., Garofalo, G., Bitetto, I., Facchini, M. T., Grati, F., Martiradonna, A.,...Spedicato, M. T. (2015). The seascape of demersal fish nursery areas in the North Mediterranean Sea, a first step towards the implementation of spatial planning for trawl fisheries. PLoS ONE, 10(3), e0119590.
Abstract: The identification of nursery grounds and other essential fish habitats of exploited stocks is a key requirement for the development of spatial conservation planning aimed at reducing the adverse impact of fishing on the exploited populations and ecosystems. The reduction in juvenile mortality is particularly relevant in the Mediterranean and is considered as one of the main prerequisites for the future sustainability of trawl fisheries. The distribution of nursery areas of 11 important commercial species of demersal fish and shellfish was analysed in the European Union Mediterranean waters using time series of bottom trawl survey data with the aim of identifying the most persistent recruitment areas. A high interspecific spatial overlap between nursery areas was mainly found along the shelf break of many different sectors of the Northern Mediterranean indicating a high potential for the implementation of conservation measures. Overlap of the nursery grounds with existing spatial fisheries management measures and trawl fisheries restricted areas was also investigated. Spatial analyses revealed considerable variation depending on species and associated habitat/depth preferences with increased protection seen in coastal nurseries and minimal protection seen for deeper nurseries (e.g. Parapenaeus longirostris 6%). This is partly attributed to existing environmental policy instruments (e.g. Habitats Directive and Mediterranean Regulation EC 1967/2006) aiming at minimising impacts on coastal priority habitats such as seagrass, coralligenous and maerl beds. The new knowledge on the distribution and persistence of demersal nurseries provided in this study can support the application of spatial conservation measures, such as the designation of no-take Marine Protected Areas in EU Mediterranean waters and their inclusion in a conservation network. The establishment of no-take zones will be consistent with the objectives of the Common Fisheries Policy applying the ecosystem approach to fisheries management and with the requirements of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive to maintain or achieve seafloor integrity and good environmental status.
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