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Title: Erosive tooth wear in children and adolescents
Authors: Gatt, Gabriella
Schembri, Miriam
Vassallo, Paula
Gainza-Cirauqui, Maria Luisa
Vento Zahra, Ethel
Attard, Nikolai J.
Keywords: Teeth -- Erosion
Teeth -- Diseases
Nutrition and dental health -- Malta
Issue Date: 2017-12
Publisher: Malta Chamber of Scientists
Citation: Gatt, G., Schembri, M., Vassallo, P., Gainza-Cirauqui, M. L., Vento Zahra, E., & Attard, N. (2017). Erosive tooth wear in children and adolescents. Xjenza, 5(2), 98-109.
Abstract: To determine the local prevalence of erosive tooth wear in the child population and to identify the degree to which local demographic and socioeconomic factors influence prevalence, a multi-stage cluster sample of three, five, eight, twelve and fifteenyear old Maltese school children were identified. The children were clinically examined under standardised conditions and provided a questionnaire to be filled directly (twelve and fifteen-year-olds) or by the parents/legal guardians (three, five and eight-year-olds). A total of 2508 children were examined. Of these, 232 three-year-old, 338 five-year-old children, 337 eight year-old children, 642 twelve-year-old children and 560 fifteen-year-old children returned a questionnaire and were analysed. The prevalence of erosive tooth wear was > 70% in all age cohorts. Erosion experience also increased in both extent and severity with age in each dentition. Significant higher incidences were observed in eight-year old males, eight-year old overweight children, eight and fifteen-year-olds attending public schools, locality (Gozo > Malta), history of vomiting in fifteen-year olds, and children from lower socioeconomic parental status in five, eight and fifteen-year-olds. The prevalence of erosive tooth wear is high in school aged Maltese children. This easily preventable tooth condition deserves targeted public health programmes to improve the oral health of future generations.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacDenDS
Scholarly Works - FacDenSORCDC
Xjenza, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 2
Xjenza, 2017, Volume 5, Issue 2

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