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Title: Monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas : a generic framework for implementation of ecosystem based marine management and its application
Authors: Stelzenmuller, Vanessa
Breen, Patricia
Stamford, Tammy
Thomsen, Frank
Badalamenti, Fabio
Borja, Angel
Buhl-Mortensen, Lene
Carlstorm, Julia
D'Anna, Giovanni
Dankers, Norbert
Degraer, Steven
Dujin, Mike
Fiorentino, Fabio
Galparsoro, Ibon
Giakoumi, Sylvaine
Gristina, Michele
Johnson, Kate
Jones, Peter J. S.
Katsanevakis, Stelios
Knittweis, Leyla
Kyriazi, Zacharoula
Pipitone, Carlo
Piwowarczyk, Joanna
Rabaut, Marijn
Sorensen, Thomas K.
Dalfsen, Jan van
Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki
Vega Fernandez, Tomas
Vincx, Magda
Voger, Sandra
Weber, Anke
Wijkmark, Nicklas
Jak, Robbert
Qiu, Wanfei
Hodstede, Remment ter
Keywords: Fishery management
Adaptive natural resource management
Risk assessment
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Citation: Stelzenmuller, V., Breen, P., Stamford, T., Thomsen, F., Badalamenti, F. & Borja, A.,… Hodstede, R. (2013). Monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas : a generic framework for implementation of ecosystem based marine management and its application. Marine Policy, 37, 149-164.
Abstract: This study introduces a framework for the monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas (SMAs), which is currently being tested by nine European case studies. The framework provides guidance on the selection, mapping, and assessment of ecosystem components and human pressures, the evaluation of management effectiveness and potential adaptations to management. Moreover, it provides a structured approach with advice on spatially explicit tools for practical tasks like the assessment of cumulative impacts of human pressures or pressure-state relationships. The case studies revealed emerging challenges, such as the lack of operational objectives within SMAs, particularly for transnational cases, data access, and stakeholder involvement. Furthermore, the emerging challenges of integrating the framework assessment using scientific information with a structured governance research analysis based mainly on qualitative information are addressed. The lessons learned will provide a better insight into the full range of methods and approaches required to support the implementation of the ecosystem approach to marine spatial management in Europe and elsewhere.
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