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Title: A hall plate based instrument to measure the snapback in the Large Hadron Collider superconducting dipole magnets
Authors: Sammut, Nicholas
Benedico-Mora, Eva
Bottura, Luca
Galbraith, Peter
Giloteaux, David
Greco, Gabriele
Haverkamp, Markus
Marchesotti, Marco
Masi, Alessandro
Micallef, Joseph
Pieloni, Tatiana
Smirnov, Nikolay
Tikhov, Alexander
Keywords: Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland)
Magnetic dipoles
Magnetic fields
Superconducting magnets
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Citation: Sammut, N., Benedico-Mora, E., Bottura, L., Galbraith, P., Giloteaux, D., Greco, G.,… Tikhov, A. (2006). A hall plate based instrument to measure the snapback in the Large Hadron Collider superconducting dipole magnets. Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference 2006 (IMTC2006), Sorrento.
Abstract: The decay and snapback of the magnetic field multipoles in superconducting particle accelerators like the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) could result in a significant particle beam loss unless adequately compensated. Whilst standard instrumentation used to measure the field quality of the superconducting magnets is good enough to measure the harmonic decay, it is not fast enough to measure the snapback. Therefore, a state of the art instrument was recently developed at CERN to measure the most important harmonics with a high measurement frequency and hence improve the understanding of the snapback phenomenon. In this paper we describe the instrument's principle of operation, its mechanical arrangement, its compensation system and its digital acquisition system. We also compare the performance of two different techniques implemented to achieve the necessary measurement resolution of 6 orders of magnitude lower than the main superimposed dipole field.
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