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Title: Antibiotic prescribing on two medical wards at St Luke’s Hospital : what scope for improvement?
Authors: Ebejer, Martin J.
Fenech, Frederick F.
Schiavone, M.
Vella, Patricia
Keywords: Antibiotics
Antibiotics -- Therapeutic use -- Malta -- Statistics
Medicine -- Formulae, receipts, prescriptions
Adverse drug reaction
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Maltese Medical Journal
Citation: Maltese Medical Journal. 1996, Vol. 8(1), p. 35-38
Abstract: Antibiotics are frequently prescribed drugs and form a significant part of the hospital budget. The literature suggests that prescribing is not without problems and may need constant review. We have no data relating to our hospital. This study aims to explore some aspects of antibiotic use in our setting. Records of all patients prescribed antibiotics on two medical wards over a 4 month period were analysed for indication, choice of antibiotic, outcome and cost. There were 126 patients: 54% males; 75.4%, >60 years old; 62% were admitted because of infection. Of the whole group, 8.7% received antibiotics with no evidence of infection and no indication for prophylaxis. There were 118 infections, 64% respiratory, 13.5% urinary and the rest of miscellaneous sites; 14% of infections were nosocomial. Microbiological studies were available in only 29% of infections. For 6 patients, the antibiotics prescribed were relatively contraindicated because of impaired hepatic and renal function. There was one adverse drug reaction. The total drug cost was Lm2181.79; i.v. treatment accounted for 93% of this cost and ceftazidime for 60%. There is room for improvement in the selection of antibiotics and their route of administration. The hospital microbiologists and the Antibiotic Policy should be consulted more often. Laboratory diagnosis of infection and biochemical patient monitoring are inadequate. Restricting i.v. treatment could reduce cost very substantially.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 8, Issue 1
MMJ, Volume 8, Issue 1

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