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Title: Inflation differentials in a monetary union : the case of Malta
Authors: Central Bank of Malta
Authors: Micallef, Brian
Cyrus, Laurent
Keywords: Monetary Unions -- Malta
Inflation (Finance) -- Malta
Eurozone -- Economic policy
Price indexes -- Malta
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Central Bank of Malta
Citation: Micallef, B., & Cyrus, L. (2013). Inflation differentials in a monetary union : the case of Malta. Central Bank of Malta WP/05/2013.
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to enhance the understanding of inflation dynamics in Malta and investigate the underlying sources of inflation differentials with the euro area. A country that registers persistently higher inflation than its main trading partners will suffer from a deterioration in its external price competitiveness, with subsequent losses in output and employment. This is even more relevant in the context of a monetary union, where asymmetric shocks cannot be corrected by changes in monetary or exchange rate policies but rather through structural policies and relative adjustments in prices and wages. Although some degree of price dispersion is a common feature of currency unions, inflation differentials in the euro area have been very persistent, with some countries systematically registering higher or lower inflation compared to the union‟s average, exacerbating the internal imbalances within the monetary union.
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