Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: The male to female ratio at birth in different regions in Malta
Authors: Grech, Victor E.
Savona-Ventura, Charles
Gatt, Miriam
Mamo, Julian
Keywords: Sex distribution (Demography) -- Malta
Childbirth -- Malta -- Statistics
Birth Rate -- Malta -- Statistics
Newborn infants -- Malta -- Statistics
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Malta Medical Journal
Citation: Malta Medical Journal. 2015, Vol.27(1), p. 4-8
Abstract: Males are usually born in excess of females and the ratio of male births to female births is conventionally referred to as M/F. Many factors, including stress, privation and natural disasters are associated with a lowering of M/F. Malta has a North-South divide, with a more affluent North as opposed to a more industrialised and less prosperous South. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether regional economic differences influenced M/F in Malta. Births by gender, year of birth and locality from 1999 to 2013 were subdivided into ten regions in a geographic distribution devised by the Department of Health Information and Research. Regions were also amalgamated into two groups of five which represented North-West and South-East Malta. The island of Gozo was considered separately. There were no statistically significant differences in M/F between the ten regions nor between North-West, South-East and Gozo regions. There were no significant secular trends in M/F in these regions. M/F declines under adverse environmental factors (including economic stress) but despite the overall poorer economic circumstances in the South of the Island, this study failed to show a significant difference in M/F by region. This may be due at least in part to the relatively small numbers involved. Alternatively, the purported socio-economic differences may not have been sufficiently large so as to skew M/F to statistically significant levels.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 27, Issue 1
MMJ, Volume 27, Issue 1
Scholarly Works - FacM&SOG
Scholarly Works - FacM&SPH

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
The male to female ratio at birth.pdf1.02 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.