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dc.contributor.authorBonanno, Anthony-
dc.identifier.citationBonanno, A. (2012). Apotropaia prehistoric and ancient amulets from the Maltese Islands. Treasures of Malta, 53(2), 11-18.en_GB
dc.description.abstractHuman beings have always manifested their preoccupation with invisible forces, real or perceived, that surrounded them and impacted on their lives and activities. They often resorted to using objects, naturally or artificially produced, such as animal horns and cowry shells, to ward off evil forces (thus the adjective 'apotropaic' or 'apotropous', from the Greek verb apotrepein, 'to turn away') or to propitiate beneficent ones. An even more direct measure to protect themselves was to wear such devices on their body, preferably somewhere visible, on the head as part of a headdress, as rings on the fingers, as bracelets on the arm, or as pendants hanging from the ears or round the neck. Some pendants could also be worn for personal ornamentation or for prestige and social status, especially if they had intrinsic aesthetic value, such as brilliance or colour, or were rare to come by, or had exotic origins. The following contribution, however, is concerned only with amulets, that is, those pendants that are known, or presumed, to have been worn as charms against evil, disease or witchcraft, or as talismans to promote health and wellbeing.en_GB
dc.publisherFondazzjoni Patrimonju Maltien_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- Antiquitiesen_GB
dc.subjectAmulets -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectNeolithic period -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectTemple period -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectBronze age -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- History -- Classical period, 218 B.C.-535 A.D.en_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- History -- Phoenician and Punic period, 8th century B.C.-218 B.C.en_GB
dc.subjectExcavations (Archaeology) -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titleApotropaia prehistoric and ancient amulets from the Maltese Islandsen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleTreasures of Maltaen_GB
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