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Title: An off-momentum beam loss feedback controller and graphical user interface for the LHC
Authors: Salvachua, Belen
Alves, Diogo
Azzopardi, Gabriella
Jackson, Stephen
Mirarchi, Daniele
Pojer, Mirko
Valentino, Gianluca
Keywords: Large Hadron Collider (France and Switzerland)
Feedback control systems
Issue Date: 2019-10
Publisher: JACoW
Citation: Salvachua, B., Alves, D., Azzopardi, G., Jackson, S., Mirarchi, D., Pojer, M., & Valentino, G. (2019). An off-momentum beam loss feedback controller and graphical user interface for the LHC. ICALEPCS2019, New York.
Abstract: During LHC operation, a campaign to validate the configuration of the LHC collimation system is conducted every few months. This is performed by means of loss maps, where specific beam losses are voluntarily generated with the resulting loss patterns compared to expectations. The LHC collimators have to protect the machine from both betatron and off-momentum losses. In order to validate the off-momentum protection, beam losses are generated by shifting the RF frequency using a low intensity beam. This is a delicate process that, in the past, often led to the beam being dumped due to excessive losses. To avoid this, a feed-back system based on the100 Hz data stream from the LHC Beam Loss system has been implemented. When given a target RF frequency, the feedback system approaches this frequency in steps while monitoring the losses until the selected loss pattern conditions are reached, so avoiding the excessive losses that lead to a beam dump. This paper will describe the LHC off-momentum beam loss feedback system and the results achieved.
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