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Title: Blood lead levels in pregnant women and the neonate
Authors: Savona-Ventura, Charles
Sammut, Mario R.
Licari, Lucianne
Vassallo, A.
Keywords: Toxemia of pregnancy
Toxemia of pregnancy -- Malta -- Statistics
Lead -- Environmental aspects
Issue Date: 1997
Publisher: Maltese Medical Journal
Citation: Maltese Medical Journal. 1997, Vol. 9(1), p. 42-45
Abstract: Population studies carried out during the 1980s had shown that the Maltese population was characterized by high blood lead (PbB) levels. These high levels appeared to be a feature at all age groups including neonates. A number of environmental control measures had been initiated to attempt to decrease these PbB levels. The present study reviews PbB levels in pregnant women and newborns. It is shown that mean cord PbB levels decreased significantly in the last decade from a mean of 165.1 + 87.9 ug/I in 1985 to 89.79 + 31.23 ug/I in 1996. This decrease did not correlate with the increasing use of multimineral supplements which include the zinc cation said to be useful to counter the effects of chronic lead intoxication. Placental transfer of lead is also shown to follow closely maternal levels with a correlation coefficient of 0.81. In spite of the apparent decrease in PbB levels, about half of newborns still I have levels which require preventive community measures.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 9, Issue 1
MMJ, Volume 9, Issue 1
Scholarly Works - FacM&SFM
Scholarly Works - FacM&SOG

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