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dc.contributor.authorCauchi, Daniel-
dc.contributor.authorWebber, Laura-
dc.contributor.authorKnai, Cecile-
dc.contributor.authorGauci, Dorothy-
dc.contributor.authorChalabi, Zaid-
dc.contributor.authorCalleja, Neville-
dc.identifier.citationCauchi, D., Webber, L., Gauci, D., Chalabi, Z., & Calleja, N. (2017). Health and economic consequences of projected obesity trends in Malta. Public Health Panaorama, 3(4), 781-788.en_GB
dc.description.abstractBackground: Globally, there is increasing concern about the potential health and economic consequences of current obesity trends. This study assessed the impact of unchecked obesity and the benefits of reducing population weight levels in Malta. Methods: Body mass index rates, disease burden and direct health care costs for breast and colon cancer, coronary heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and stroke in Malta were projected to 2035 using a two-stage microsimulation model. Two scenarios were modelled for population weight reduction. Research: By 2035, uncontrolled overweight and obesity are projected to result in a 62% increase in stroke prevalence, a 27% increase in obesity-related cancers and a 16% increase in prevalence of hypertension. The prevalence of coronary heart disease developing as a consequence of obesity is expected to double within the next two decades. Associated cumulative direct health care costs will amount to around €814 million by 2035. However, a 5% reduction in the average population body mass index by 2035 is projected to result in a saving of €141 million in health expenditure on obesity-related conditions over the intervening 20 years. Conclusion: These findings have important implications for obesity policy in Malta and other European nations with similar health systems and levels of population obesity, thus highlighting the need for effective population-level preventive strategies.en_GB
dc.publisherWorld Health Organizationen_GB
dc.subjectOverweight persons -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectObesity -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectObesity -- Complications -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectObesity -- Economic aspects -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titleHealth and economic consequences of projected obesity trends in Maltaen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titlePublic Health Panoramaen_GB
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