Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/67797
Title: Universal design : From design philosophy to applied science
Authors: Bianco, Lino
Keywords: Architecture, Modern -- 20th century -- Philosophy
Architecture -- 20th century -- Philosophy
City planning -- Study and teaching
Cities and towns -- Growth
Urbanization -- Study and teaching
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Universidad Politécnica De Cataluña
Citation: Bianco, L. (2020). Universal design : From design philosophy to applied science. Journal of Accessibility and Design for All, 10(1), 70-97.
Abstract: Universal Design (UD) philosophy is inspired by the social responsibility that no discrimination is present in the use of the built environment. During recent decades UD philosophy led to a systematic development of design guidelines for architectural and urban projects aimed at rendering the built environment accessible to all. In Malta, such guidelines are endorsed by central and local government entities and non-governmental organizations and they are covered by legislation which is actively enforced. Moreover, the law stipulates that the planning regulator makes it mandatory that a given development permission complies with these guidelines. This ensures that no barriers can hinder the usage of a given development. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate that UD is not only a legal requisite emerging from a socially sensitive design philosophy and grounded in official design standards that ensure legal compliance, but an applied science aimed at ensuring mobility for all. Using a case study from this European Union Member State, this paper argues that setting the focus on technical specifications relating to access for all falls short of addressing the inherent interdependencies; consequently, it does not tackle UD issues. UD goes beyond the prescriptive requirement established by law and underpins a performance-based design, thereby intrinsically enhancing the quality of any given element, whether a space or a product. UD is an applied scientific discipline; it is a multifaceted, interdisciplinary branch of learning. It involves the application of current formal scientific knowledge to pragmatic scenarios in order to attain contextual specific solutions. UD is not just an applied design philosophy; it is an applied science integrating anthropometrics, medicine and design; it is universal design science.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/67797
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacBenAUD

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