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dc.identifier.citationUnpublished worken_GB
dc.description.abstractBoth Birgu and Bormla were at the hub of maritime activity when tobacco was first introduced on the island. in addition to the standard recreational facilities on offer in any port the demand for tobacco created a market for professional vendors. For example in 1636 Carlo Bartolo described himself as a 'tobacco retailer from Senglea'. During the period of the Knights the Inquisitor was the spiritual authority on the island. His residence is reputed to be one of the few that survive from an institution once widespread throughout Europe and the Roman Catholic world. To avoid the rigours of municipal law, rich businessmen in Malta including several tobacco merchants jostled to enlist as licensees of the Inquisitor. The Inquisitor's Palace is well preserved and contains a range of cells with original inscriptions dating back over centuries, an austere tribunal room, a chapel and a relatively sophisticated sanitary system. Of these artefacts 22 were retrieved from the Palace sanitary system, in an an excavation conducted by Heritage Malta. The other 11 were revealed during managed development in both wet and dry environments, namely harbour works in the vicinity of St Angelo wharf and the basement of a house in St Lazarus Street, Bormla.en_GB
dc.publisherJohn Wooden_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- History -- Knights of Malta, 1530-1798en_GB
dc.subjectTobacco pipes -- Malta -- Historyen_GB
dc.subjectPipe smokingen_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- Antiquitiesen_GB
dc.subjectManners and customs -- Historyen_GB
dc.titleTobacco pipes from Birgu and Bormla, Maltaen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.contributor.creatorWood, John-
Appears in Collections:Pipes from Malta

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