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Title: An analysis of the effectiveness of national wildlife regulatory and law enforcement systems as tools for managing protected natural resources
Authors: Gatt, Stanley John (2003)
Keywords: Environmental protection -- Planning
Environmental management -- Malta
Wildlife conservation -- Malta
Nature conservation -- Malta
Issue Date: 2003
Citation: Gatt, S. J. (2003). An analysis of the effectiveness of national wildlife regulatory and law enforcement systems as tools for managing protected natural resources (Master's dissertation).
Abstract: The development of wildlife regulatory and law enforcement systems is an important factor in the conservation and management of natural resources. However, local literature on the effectiveness of such systems is absent. Hence, the study aims to initiate the filling of this void. Initially, measures adopted in local wildlife protection legislation as tools to enhance conservation are discussed. Principally drawn from the collation and analysis of secondary data, results of this study show that the most commonly detected breaches against wildlife protection regulations were against The Protection of Birds and Wild Rabbit Regulations, 1993 followed by the Trade in Fauna and Flora Regulations, 1992. Offences were predominantly carried out by individuals during hunting and trapping or ancillary activities. Breaches by corporate offenders were mostly associated with the importation of wildlife for commercial purposes. Indicators adopted in this study show that certain types of wildlife crime such as those associated with wild bird exploitation are widespread. In addition, the magnitude of illegal international trade occurring in Malta was evaluated both on a national and a regional scale. Several taxa involved in wildlife crime cases were found to have an 'unfavourable conservation status'. The possible impacts on the natural environment from illegal exploitation are also highlighted. Criminal action was the most commonly used type of response to wildlife crime. However, in certain circumstances administrative action was found to be necessary and appropriate. The effectiveness of these responses was analysed for different categories of wildlife crime. Criminal sanctions were found to offer little deterrence to several of these categories. This was also the case with regards to the situational crime prevention practices carried out by the Police Force. Moreover, Court judgments were found to lack severity and proportionality to the environmental harm caused. Furthermore, incentives to commit wildlife crime are discussed in the light of economic and criminological theories.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - InsES - 1994-2013
Dissertations - InsESEMP - 1994-2014

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