Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/89314
Title: Fort Manoel : une model de fortification fait avex soin : a study of the design and construction of an eighteenth-century bastioned fort
Authors: Spiteri, Stephen C.
Keywords: Fort Manoel (Gżira, Malta)
Fort Manoel (Gżira, Malta) -- History
Fortification -- Malta -- History
Drawbridges -- Malta -- History
Knights of Malta -- History
Order of St John -- History
Fort Manoel (Gżira, Malta) -- Design and construction
Fortification -- Conservation and restoration -- Malta
Fort Manoel (Gżira, Malta) -- Conservation and restoration
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: MilitaryArchitecture.com
Citation: Spiteri, S. C. (2014). Fort Manoel : une model de fortification fait avex soin : a study of the design and construction of an eighteenth-century bastioned fort. ARX Occasional Papers, 4, 3-206.
Abstract: Fort Manoel was the last major work of fortification built to the conventions of the bastioned trace by the Order of St. John in Malta. It is also, undisputedly, the most striking and beautifully proportioned bastioned fortress erected by the Hospitaller knights, complete with all the refined adjuncts of defence that military engineers could hope to devise in the early eighteenth-century. Its one salient characteristic feature which sets it distinctly apart from the other Hospitaller fortresses in Malta, however, is the fact that Fort Manoel was the undiluted product of French military architecture. It owes this quality to two important factors - firstly, the Order's drift from the Imperial to the French sphere of influence at the beginning of the eighteenth century, which saw the reorganization of the Hospitallers' military establishment on French military lines and, secondly, the genius of Sebastien le Prestre de Vauban, whose methods of fortification, considered as the perfection of the bastioned trace, came to dictate the pattern of many of the fortification projects employed by French military engineers in their numerous commissions outside France.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/89314
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - InsBS

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