Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/97180
Title: Predictors and consequences of presenteeism : a qualitative study of nurses in geriatric settings
Authors: Fiorini, Luke
Griffiths, Amanda
Houdmont, Jonathan
Keywords: Organizational behavior -- Malta
Nurses -- Malta
Issue Date: 2016-04
Publisher: European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology (EAOHP): Nottingham.
Citation: Fiorini, L., Griffiths, A., & Houdmont, J. (2016, April). Predictors and consequences of presenteeism : a qualitative study of nurses in geriatric settings. In Proceedings of the 12th European Academy of Occupational Health Psychology Conference: OHP in Times of Change: Society and the Workplace, Athens. 246-247. Nottingham: EAOHP
Abstract: Introduction: Presenteeism is most commonly conceptualised as attending work despite illness. This contrasts with sickness absence, which involves staying home when ill. The European presenteeism literature predominantly focuses on the antecedents of this behaviour whereas the American literature is often more concerned with related productivity losses. Professions which involve caring for others appear to experience a greater prevalence of presenteeism. The consequences of presenteeism are not limited to productivity loss; the behaviour has also been linked with negative short and long term health effects and future sickness absence. It is thus costly. Positive consequences such as social interaction have also been noted. The decision between attending work or staying home when ill is influenced by the individuals’ perceptions of their illness and other factors. Whilst much research has studied these predictors, the evidence as to their relative roles is inconclusive. Reasons for this include failing to study both sickness absence and presenteeism, inconsistencies in the definition and measure of presenteeism, studies failing to consider different predictors concurrently, and alack of exploratory qualitative studies. Thus, a comprehensive theory of presenteeism is yet to be presented. Research questions: What factors do nurses perceive to foster presenteeism and absenteeism when ill? And, what are the consequences of presenteeism and absenteeism, and do nurses’ perceptions of these consequences play a role in predicting their decision to attending work when ill? Methodology: An exploratory, qualitative method was used to investigate the predictors and consequences of presenteeism, as well as the link between the two, among nurses (n=18)working within a geriatric hospital ward setting. Data were collected via recorded semi-structured interviews with nurses in their usual place of work. These lasted between 30–60 minutes. The research employed an organisational and biopsychosocial perspective. Questions focused on the reasons why individuals felt obligated or desired to attend or stay home when ill. The consequences of their choices were also discussed. Interviews were transcribed and thematic analysis by means of the Braun and Clarke approach was employed. Results: Four major themes were found to predict nurses’ choices between presenteeism, absenteeism, and the consequence of these choices. These included: illness perceptions; work attitudes; organisational factors; and personal factors. Illness perceptions referred to participants’ views and experiences of their own health complaints and contained five sub-themes: Illness identity; illness timeline; cure and control; cause of illness; and consequence of illness. Work attitude referred to participants’ feelings and behaviours towards different facets of occupational life and contained three sub-themes: attitude towards work and the organisation; attitude towards co-workers; attitude towards patients. Organisational factors referred to workplace factors perceived to influence illness behaviour and contained two sub-themes: the work environment and administrative arrangements. Finally personal factors, which referred to participants’ characteristics and personal life included two sub-themes: individual factors; and personal life experiences. Conclusion: Nurses’ decision to attend work when ill depends on their: illness perceptions, work attitudes, personal factors, and organisational factors. Further studies are warranted to determine if the identified themes are applicable to the wider study population
URI: https://www.eaohp.org/uploads/1/1/0/2/11022736/eaohp_2016_-_book_of_proceedings.pdf
https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/97180
ISSN: 9780992878634
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - CenLS



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