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|Title:||Characterization and analyses of acid-extractable and leached trace elements in dental cements|
Veber, Marjan L.
|Publisher:||John Wiley & Sons Ltd.|
|Citation:||Camilleri, J., Kralj, P., Veber, M., & Sinagra, E. (2012). Characterization and analyses of acid-extractable and leached trace elements in dental cements. International Endodontic Journal, 45(8), 737-743.|
|Abstract:||AIMS: Determination of the elemental constitution and investigation of the total and leachable arsenic, chromium and lead in Portland cement, pure tricalcium silicate, Biodentine, Bioaggregate and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) Angelus. METHODOLOGY: The chemical composition of Portland cement, MTA Angelus, tricalcium silicate cement, Biodentine and Bioaggregate was determined using X-ray fluorescence (XRF). Measurements of arsenic, lead and chromium were taken with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), following acid digestion on the hydrated material and on leachates of cements soaked in Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS). RESULTS: All the cements investigated had a similar oxide composition with the main oxide being calcium and silicon oxide. Both the Portland cement and MTA Angelus had an additional aluminium oxide. The dental cements included a radiopacifying material. All the materials tested had higher acid-extractable arsenic content than the level set by ISO 9917-1 (2007) and an acceptable level of lead. Regardless these high levels of trace elements present in the materials, the leaching in HBSS was minimal for all the dental material tested in contrast to the high levels displayed by Portland cement. CONCLUSIONS: Dental materials based on tricalcium silicate cement and MTA Angelus release minimal quantities of trace elements when in contact with simulated body fluids. The results of acid extraction could be affected by nonspecific matrix effects by the cement.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scholarly Works - FacDenRS|
Scholarly Works - FacSciChe
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