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Title: Improving the energy yield from an open loop hydraulic offshore turbine through deep sea water extraction and alternative control schemes
Authors: Buhagiar, Daniel
Sant, Tonio
Micallef, Christopher
Farrugia, Robert N.
Keywords: Wind turbines
Hybrid systems
Hydraulic turbines
Oil hydraulic machinery
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Buhagiar, D., Sant, T., Micallef, C., & Farrugia, R. N. (2015). Improving the energy yield from an open loop hydraulic offshore turbine through deep sea water extraction and alternative control schemes. Energy, 84, 344-356.
Abstract: Current research is evaluating the possibility of shifting the mechanical transmission system in offshore wind turbines to a hydraulic system, whereby a positive displacement pump is connected directly to the rotor. The current study adopts the notion of a large-scale open-loop system, using pressurised seawater to transmit energy from the wind turbine to a centralised hydroelectric generation platform. Using deep seawater as the working fluid allows for its use as a cooling medium in district cooling systems by passing it through a heat exchanger after hydroelectric energy conversion. Novel control schemes for such a system are developed and simulated in the steady state. A high-speed rotor scheme is simulated, improving generation at higher wind speeds. Another two schemes are simulated, which improve power extraction beyond the rated condition by increasing the transmission line pressure. A seasonal control scheme is described, which optimises the mix of electricity and cooling. The system is simulated to be operating off the coast of Malta, a country with moderate wind speeds and a substantial cooling demand. Hourly wind and ambient temperature measurements are fed to the model. Results indicate that the performance and yield are improved by developing control schemes that tailor for the specific system.
Description: This research is supported by the Elisabeth Mann Borgese Bursary, a grant awarded by the International Ocean Institute ( to students or staff of the University of Malta carrying out postgraduate studies in the field of marine sciences, ocean governance and/or maritime affairs.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacEngME
Scholarly Works - InsSE

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