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Title: Do girls and boys perceive themselves as equally engaged in school? The results of an international study from 12 countries
Authors: Lam, Shui-fong
Jimerson, Shane
Kikas, Eve
Cefai, Carmel
Veiga, Feliciano H.
Nelson, Brett
Hatzichristou, Chryse
Polychroni, Fotini
Basnett, Julie
Duck, Robert
Farrell, Peter
Liu, Yi
Negovan, Valeria
Shin, Hyeonsook
Stanculescu, Elena
Wong, Bernard P.H.
Yang, Hongfei
Zollneritsch, Josef
Keywords: Education -- Sex differences -- Case studies
Academic achievement -- Sex differences
Education -- Parent participation
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Citation: Lam, S., Jimerson, S., Kikas, E., Cefai, C., Veiga, F.H., Nelson, B.,‚ĶZollneritsch, J. (2012). Do girls and boys perceive themselves as equally engaged in school? The results of an international study from 12 countries. Journal of School Psychology, 50, 77-94.
Abstract: This study examined gender differences in student engagement and academic performance in school. Participants included 3420 students (7th, 8th, and 9th graders) from Austria, Canada, China, Cyprus, Estonia, Greece, Malta, Portugal, Romania, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The results indicated that, compared to boys, girls reported higher levels of engagement in school and were rated higher by their teachers in academic performance. Student engagement accounted for gender differences in academic performance, but gender did not moderate the associations among student engagement, academic performance, or contextual supports. Analysis of multiple-group structural equation modeling revealed that perceptions of teacher support and parent support, but not peer support, were related indirectly to academic performance through student engagement. This partial mediation model was invariant across gender. The findings from this study enhance the understanding about the contextual and personal factors associated with girls' and boys' academic performance around the world.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - CenRSEH

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